Al-Ghazali on Intention, Sincerity & Truthfulness is the thirty-seventh chapter of the Revival of the Religious Sciences. It falls in the section dealing with the virtues. Here Ghazali deals with the very important subject of intention which is of crucial importance in Islam. He asks: 'How can someone ignorant of the meaning of intention verify his own intention; or how can someone ignorant of the meaning of sincerity verify his own sincerity; or how can someone sincerely claim truthfulness if he has not verified its meaning?' In the Book of Intention, Sincerity & Truthfulness, Ghazali gives a response to each of these questions by expounding the reality and levels of intention, sincerity and truthfulness, those acts which affirm them and those acts which mar them. As in all his writings, Ghazali bases his arguments on the Qur'an, the example of the Prophet and the sayings of numerous scholars and Sufis.
Abu Hamdi al-Ghazali (d.1111) is the most important theologian-mystic of Islam. His magnum opus, the Revival of the Religious Sciences, is the most read book in the Muslim world after the Quran.
CHAPTER ONE: Reality of intention CHAPTER TWO: Inner meaning of the Prophet's words: 'The intention of the believer is better than his deed' CHAPTER THREE: Explanation of the acts attached to intention CHAPTER FOUR: Intention is not subsumed by free choice CHAPTER FIVE: Excellence of sincerity CHAPTER SIX: Reality of sincerity CHAPTER SEVEN: The Great Masters' sayings on sincerity CHAPTER EIGHT: Levels of blemishes and flaws clouding sincerity CHAPTER NINE: Judgement on the tarnished act and worthiness of the reward for it CHAPTER TEN: The Excellence of Truthfulness CHAPTER ELEVEN: The Reality of Truthfulness, Its Meaning and Levels APPENDIX: Persons Cited in Text BIBLIOGRAPHY INDEX OF QUR'; NIC QUOTATIONS GENERAL INDEX