Arabic Christianity in the Monasteries of Ninth-Century Palestine (Variorum Collected Studies CS 380)

Arabic Christianity in the Monasteries of Ninth-Century Palestine (Variorum Collected Studies CS 380)

By: Sidney H. Griffith (author)Hardback

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The history of Christian literature took a new turn in the 8th century when monks in the monasteries of Palestine began to write theology and saintsa (TM) lives in Arabic; they also instituted a veritable programme for translating the Bible and other Christian texts from Greek (and Syriac) into the language of the Qura (TM)an, the lingua franca of the Islamic caliphate. This is the subject of the present volume. Two key factors leading to this change, as Professor Griffith indicates, were that the confrontation with the developing theology of Islam created a direct need for apologetics to face this new religious challenge in its own language; and, second, simply that as the memory of Byzantine power waned, so too did the knowledge of Greek. Issues of particular interest in this apologetic literature are those of the freedom of the will, a key topic in the controversies between Melkites and Muslims, and of the legitimacy of icon veneration, a subject of great contemporary concern at the time of Iconoclasm in the Byzantine Empire. La (TM)histoire de la littA(c)rature chrA(c)tienne a pris un nouveau tournant au 8 siA(c)cle lorsque les religieux des monastAres de Palestine commencArent A A(c)crire la thA(c)ologie et la vie des saints en arabe. De mA*me, ils instituArent un vA(c)ritable programme de traduction de la Bible et autres textes chrA(c)tiens du grec (et du syriaque) en langue corannique, la lingua franca du califat islamique. Tel est la (TM)objet du prA(c)sent recueil. Deux facteurs determinants ayant conduit A ce changement, comme la (TM)indique le professeur Griffith, A(c)taient, en premier lieu, la confrontation avec une thA(c)ologie islamique croissante, qui crA(c)ait un besoin pressant pour les apologA(c)tiques de faire face A ce nouveau dA(c)fi religieux dans la langue propre A celui-ci; en second lieu, au fur et A mesure que sa (TM)estompait la mA(c)moire du pourvoir byzantin, il en allait de mA*me pour la connaissance que la (TM)on avait de la langue grecque. Ces textes traitent de questions particuliArement intA(c)ressantes, telles: la libertA(c) du libre arbitre thAme-clef des controverses entre Melkites et Musulmans, ainsi que de la lA(c)gitimitA(c) de la vA(c)nA(c)ration des icA'nes, un sujet da (TM)intA(c)rA*t contemporain A la (TM)A(c)poque de la (TM)Iconoclasme sous la (TM)empire byzantin.

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About Author

Sidney H. Griffith Catholic University of America, USA

Contents

Contents: Preface; The prophet Muhammad, his scripture and his message, according to the Christian apologies in Arabic and Syriac from the first Abbasid century; The Gospel in Arabic: an inquiry into its appearance in the first Abbasid century; The monks of Palestine and the growth of Christian literature in Arabic; Eutychius of Alexandria on the emperor Theophilus and Iconoclasm in Byzantium: a 10th-century moment in Christian apologetics in Arabic; Theodore Abu Qurrah's Arabic tract on the Christian practice of venerating images; Free will in Christian kalam: the doctrine of Theodore Abu Qurrah; Stephen of Ramlah and the Christian kerygma in Arabic in 9th- century Palestine; Greek into Arabic: life and letters in the monasteries of Palestine in the 9th century; the example of the Summa Theologiae Arabica; A 9th-century Summa Theologiae Arabica; The Arabic account of a "Abd al-Masih an-Nagrani al-Ghassani; Anthony David of Baghdad, scribe and monk of Mar Sabas: Arabic in the monasteries of Palestine; Additions; Index.

Product Details

  • publication date: 20/08/1992
  • ISBN13: 9780860783374
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 352
  • ID: 9780860783374
  • weight: 730
  • ISBN10: 0860783375

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