The human body is a complicated and beautiful machine, governed by the laws of physics and chemistry. By understanding its physiology - how it performs its varied functions - it is possible to build strategies for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. In this extensively-revised edition, a new structure, additional learning features, and an expanded use of artwork, make Human Physiology even more student-friendly than its predecessors. Human Physiology provides clear explanations of the principles that govern the body's physiological processes and shows how these can be applied. This is the ideal course companion for any student needing a solid foundation in the subject for a future career in human biology, biomedical science, or medicine.
SECTION 1 BASIC CONCEPTS IN PHYSIOLOGY ; 1. What is physiology? ; 2. Key concepts in chemistry ; 3. The chemical constitution of the body ; SECTION 2 THE ORGANIZATION AND BASIC FUNCTIONS OF CELLS ; 4. Introducing cells and tissues ; 5. The transport functions of the plasma membrane ; 6. Principles of cell signalling ; SECTION 3 THE EXCITABLE TISSUES - NERVE AND MUSCLE ; 7. Nerve cells and their connections ; 8. Muscle ; SECTION 4 THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND SPECIAL SENSES ; 9. Introduction to the nervous system ; 10. The physiology of motor systems ; 11. The autonomic nervous system ; 12. The sensory systems ; 13. Some aspects of higher nervous function ; SECTION 5 THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM ; 14. Introduction to the endocrine system ; 15. The pituitary gland and hypothalamus ; 16. The thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands ; 17. The endocrine pancreas and regulation of plasma glucose ; SECTION 6 BLOOD AND THE IMMUNE SYSTEM ; 18. The properties of blood ; 19. Defence against infection: the immune system ; SECTION 7 THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM ; 20. Introduction to the cardiovascular system ; 21. The heart ; 22. The electrocardiogram ; 23. The circulation ; 24. The microcirculation and lymphatic system ; SECTION 8 THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM ; 25. Introduction to the respiratory system ; 26. Physiology of high altitude and diving ; SECTION 9 THE URINARY SYSTEM AND THE REGULATION OF THE INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT ; 27. The kidneys and the regulation of the internal environment ; 28. Fluid and electrolyte balance ; 29. Acid-base balance ; SECTION 10 THE GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM ; 30. The physiology of the digestive system ; 31. The liver and gallbladder ; 32. The nutritional needs of the body ; SECTION 11 REPRODUCTION AND GROWTH ; 33. The physiology of the male and female reproductive systems ; 34. Fertilization, pregnancy, and lactation ; 35. Fetal and neonatal physiology ; 36. The physiology of bone and the control of growth ; SECTION 12 APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY ; 37. Energy balance and the control of metabolic rate ; 38. The physiology of exercise ; 39. The regulation of body temperature