Several different approaches to medieval legal history are evident in these articles. The first group uses law to investigate the principles that governed society, whether clearly articulated or not, and ask how the intellectual structures of the "ius commune" affected the institutions of government and the presuppositions of the people. The second group of articles illustrates the importance of returning to the manuscript sources of later medieval texts, rather than relying on the early printed editions. In both parts Professor Pennington also focuses on the lives of individual jurists, contending that these provide a key to the understanding of their thought, their position in society, and the connections between the two. One of these articles is previously unpublished, and a number of others have been revised and updated for publication.
Part 1 The papacy, legislation and jurisprudence: the legal education of Pope Innocent III; further thoughts on Pope Innocent III's knowledge of law; Innocent III and the divine authority of the Pope; Pope Innocent III's views on church and state - a gloss to "Per venerabilem"; the politics of Innocent III; Gregory IX, Emperor Frederick II and the constitutions of Melfi; "Epistolae Alexandrinae" - a collection of Pope Alexander III's letters; the making of a decretal collection - the genesis of "copilatio tertia"; the French Recension of "compilatio tertia"; Johannes Teutonicus and Papal Legates; "Pro peccatis patrum puniri" - a moral and legal problem of the Inquisition; a note to "Decameron" 6.7 - the wit of Madonna Filippa; Bartolome de las casas and the tradition of medieval law. Part 2 Jurists and their texts: Lotharius of Cremona; "Summae" on Raymond de Pennafort's "Summa de casibus" in the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich; Henricus de Segusio (Hostiensis); an earlier recension of Hostiensis's "Lectura" on the decretals; a "Quaestio" of Henricus de Segusio and the textual tradition of his "Summa super decretalibus"; Johannes Andreae's "Additiones" to the decretals of Gregory IX; the "Consilia" of Baldus de Ubaldis; the authority of the Prince in a "Consilium" of Baldus de Ubaldis; Panormitanus's "Lectura" on the decretals of Gregory IX.