Presenting a fundamental re-thinking of Asian theology, this book focuses on theological indigenization in Asia in light of the postcolonial theory of resistance advanced by Homi K. Bhabha, among others. Two types of anti-colonialist resistance within Asian theologies are identified and interrogated. The first is nationalistic in kind, operating from a theological language that is binaristic and oppositional. The second is illustrated by that which was mounted by the three Chinese Christian thinkers whose indigenous theologies are analysed in this book as case studies. This second kind, postcolonial in its character, is characterized by collaboration rather than antagonistic binarism. In spite of much dissimilarity between these two kinds of resistance, the book argues that they are similarly anti-colonialist, and both can be equally valid in resisting colonial forces. Given that the binarism and antagonism imbedded in the Asian theological movement are historically contingent, and that the sole reliance on this resistance has made the movement self-ensnaring, the book suggests that the Asian theological movement widen its choice of colonial-resistant strategies.
Drawing attention to the otherwise subtle politics of the Asian theological indigenization discourse, this book addresses the relationship between postcolonialism and Asia contextual theology, and is of interest to students and scholars of Asian Religion and Philosophy.
Simon S.M. Kwan is Associate Professor in the Department of Cultural and Religious Studies, Chinese University of Hong Kong and Associate Director of the Divinity School of Chung Chi College, also at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He is Adjunct Professor and the Director of the Center for Christian Studies at Shantou University, China.
Introduction 1. Asian theologies and the postcolonial 2. A discursive history of Asian theologies 3. Reconceiving resistance: Postcolonialism and resistance 4. Cracks within a missionary discourse 5. Resistance & Y. T. Wu's divine immanentism 6. Resistance & Jesuology/ Christology of Leichuen Wu & T. C. Chao 7. Conclusion