The focus of this book is on the legal status of the Jews within the Roman Empire and the changes that it underwent when the empire became Christian. Conflicts between Roman and Jewish jurisdiction form an important theme, while particular studies deal with questions of conversion, the observance of the Sabbath and Festivals, Hadrian's decree prohibiting circumcision, and with the treatment given to the Samaritans. In the field of family law, Professor Rabello deals with the issues of the patria potestas, family courts, marriage and divorce, and it is in these areas, he holds, that a basic understanding can be found of how the early Catholic Church treated Jews and Judaism.
Alfredo Mordechai Rabello, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Contents: Civil justice in Palestine from 63 BCE to 70 CE; Herod's domestic court? The judgment of death for Herod's sons; The 'Lex de Templo Hierosolymitano', prohibiting Gentiles from entering Jerusalem's Sanctuary; The situation of the Jews in Roman Spain; The ban on circumcision as a cause of Bar Kokhbah's rebellion; On the relations between Diocletian and the Jews; La premiere loi de Theodose II, C.Th.XVI, 8, 18, et la fete de Pourim; L'observance des fetes juives dans l'Empire romain; Divorce of Jews in the Roman Empire; Il problema dei matrimoni fra Ebrei e Cristiani nella legislazione imperiale e in quella della Chiesa (IV-VI secolo); The Samaritans in Justinian's Corpus Iuris Civilis; Jewish and Roman jurisdiction; Civil Jewish jurisdiction in the days of Emperor Justinian (527-565): Codex Justinianus 1.9.8; The attitude of Rome towards conversions to Judaism (atheism, circumcision, proselytism); A tribute to Jean Juster; Index.