A 32-year-old Caucasian lady was admitted to hospital following a collapse at the gym. Her friends described the patient falling to the floor while exercising on the rowing machine, followed by twitching of her arms and legs and a period of being unrousable. You are the medic on duty...100 Cases in Acute Medicine presents 100 acute conditions commonly seen by medical students and junior doctors in the emergency department, or on the ward, or in the community setting. A succinct summary of the patient's history, examination, and initial investigations, including photographs where relevant, is followed by questions on the diagnosis and management of each case. The answer includes a detailed discussion of each topic, with further illustration where appropriate, providing an essential revision aid as well as a practical guide for students and junior doctors. Making clinical decisions and choosing the best course of action is one of the most challenging and difficult parts of training to become a doctor. These cases will teach students and junior doctors to recognize important clinical symptoms and signs, and to develop their diagnostic and management skills.
Kerry Layne, Core Medical Trainee, Guy's & St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK Henry Fok Academic Clinical Fellow, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust MB BS, BSc (Hons) Adam Nabeebaccus Specialist Registrar, Cardiology, King's College, London, UK
Shortness of breath and a cough Collapse and confusion in a young woman Diarrhoea with pneumonia Swollen glands and hearing impairment Nose bleed (epistaxis) following an operation Worsening delirium Deliberate self-harm with painkillers Lymphadenopathy and malaise The ill returning traveller Delirium and urinary symptoms Headache in pregnancy Epigastric pain and vomiting Severe pain in the legs Chest pain radiating to the back Shortness of breath (orthopnoea) with a cough Recurrent abdominal pain Haemoptysis in a returning traveller Bloody diarrhoea Drowsiness and headaches Progressive lower limb weakness Seizure and agitation Substance misuse Unilateral leg swelling Vomiting caused by norovirus Fever and sore throat Blurred vision Recurring dizziness with exercise Palpitations and collapse Ecchymosis Petechiae and limb weakness Generalized weakness and dysarthria Dysphagia and shallow breathing Blisters and itchy skin Shortness of breath following a fall Swelling of lower limbs Haemoptysis and shortness of breath Knee swelling and pain Bleeding per rectum Shortness of breath and pedal oedema Sharp central chest pain Fever in a returned traveller Red eyes and sight impairment Rash and flu-like symptoms Substance abuse and agitation Generalized rash and malaise Pruritic rash and alopecia Defective vision and eye pain Abdominal pain with malaise and fever Painful shoulder and malaise Facial rash in a patient with SLE A woman 'off her legs' Acute confusion Memory loss and unsteadiness Postoperative hypotension Drowsiness bordering on coma Anxiety with Graves' disease Episodic anxiety and headache Shortness of breath in a returning traveller A fatigued college girl Haematuria and flank pain Bradycardia and malaise Bleeding gums and nose Palpitations and shortness of breath Petechial rash and loss of consciousness Wheeze and productive cough Wheeze and shortness of breath Coffee-ground vomiting Progressive dysphagia and muscle stiffness Respiratory distress and oedema Loss of pain sensation Shortness of breath and in a returning traveller Confusion following a fall Apparent adverse drug reaction Constipation with confusion Chest pain after exertion Fevers, weight loss and night sweats Right-sided chest pain Shortness of breath in a young non-smoker Loss of consciousness in diabetes 'Indigestion' with radiating pain Suspected opiate overdose Steady 'deterioration' in functioning Exacerbation of COPD Epistaxis and haemoptysis Collapse associated with a headache Jaundice and pruritis Abdominal pain, bruising and confusion Chest pain with fever, malaise and myalgia Deteriorating renal function Flu-like symptoms and generalized weakness Blurred vision with headache Severe abdominal pain and feverishness Self-limiting generalized seizures Abdominal pain, diarhoea and fever Target-like rash and fever Fever, photophobia and neck stiffness Seizure in heart disease Back pain and weight loss Abdominal pain following alcohol excess Night sweats, polyuria and polydipsia
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