Focusing on 'day one competencies', this book offers essential guidance to the most common problems encountered in small animal general practice. Addressing 100 core scenarios, it is ideal for the undergraduate or newly qualified vet, and for those seeking an up-to-date refresher. Organized by presenting sign (diarrhoea, itching) or disease (diabetes mellitus, pancreatitis), and with colour illustration throughout, each chapter explains:
how to make a diagnosis
which interventions are most appropriate in general practice
what the vet should say to the client before and after examination
The authors also offer invaluable advice on other key topics such as annual health checks, neutering and euthanasia, and they tackle the tough questions: What if it doesn't get better? What is the low cost option? When should I refer?
Never before has so much practical information been brought together in a single volume. Like having an experienced or specialist clinician standing by your side in the consulting room, 100 Top Consultations will become a trusted companion for students and practitioners alike.
Dr Peter Hill is senior lecturer in veterinary dermatology at the University of Bristol, combining clinical and teaching responsibilities with an active research programme. He holds the RCVS Diploma in Veterinary Dermatology and is a Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Dermatology. He is the author of over 50 scientific publications, is a former Editor of the journal Veterinary Dermatology Sheena Warman is currently a lecturer in Small Animal Internal Medicine at the University of Bristol with special interests in emergency medicine and critical care. She obtained the RCVS and European Diplomas in Small Animal Medicine in 2004. Geoff Shawcross qualified from the University of Liverpool in 1970, and has since spent his whole career in general practice, dealing primarily with small animals. After taking over ownership of a small animal practice, he built it up into a veterinary hospital. He obtained the RCVS Certificate in Small Animal Orthopaedics in 1989. He has broad interests in all aspects of small animal practice and surgery.
List of contributors ix Acknowledgements x About this book xi Introduction Diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in small animal general practice 1 Peter Hill Section 1 Health checks and vaccinations Chapter 1 The new puppy or kitten 13 Geoff Shawcross Chapter 2 The annual health check 18 Geoff Shawcross Chapter 3 Advising on spaying and castration 20 Geoff Shawcross Section 2 General signs and illnesses Chapter 4 Inappetence and anorexia 25 Sheena Warman Chapter 5 Weight loss 27 Sheena Warman Chapter 6 Polydipsia and polyuria 29 Sheena Warman Chapter 7 Pyrexia 32 Sheena Warman Chapter 8 Anaemia 35 Sheena Warman Chapter 9 Jaundice 39 Sheena Warman Chapter 10 Collapse 42 Sheena Warman Chapter 11 Abdominal distension 45 Sheena Warman Chapter 12 The FeLV-positive cat 47 Andrea Harvey Chapter 13 The FIV-positive cat 51 Andrea Harvey Chapter 14 The cat with FIP 54 Andrea Harvey Section 3 Skin problems Chapter 15 The itchy dog 59 Peter Hill Chapter 16 The itchy cat 62 Peter Hill Chapter 17 Diagnosing and treating skin diseases caused by ectoparasites 66 Peter Hill Chapter 18 The dog with demodicosis 74 Peter Hill Chapter 19 The dog with pyoderma or Malassezia dermatitis 78 Peter Hill Chapter 20 The atopic dog 82 Peter Hill Chapter 21 The dog with a hot spot 86 Peter Hill Chapter 22 The dog with acral lick dermatitis (lick granuloma) 88 Peter Hill Chapter 23 Anal sac problems 91 Peter Hill Chapter 24 Ear infections 94 Peter Hill Chapter 25 Pododermatitis 99 Peter Hill Chapter 26 The dog or cat with a cutaneous lump or swelling 104 Peter Hill Chapter 27 The dog with urticaria or angioedema 107 Peter Hill Chapter 28 The cat-bite abscess 109 Peter Hill Chapter 29 Lipomas 111 Peter Hill Chapter 30 The dog with a histiocytoma 113 Peter Hill Chapter 31 Mast cell tumours 115 Peter Hill Chapter 32 Sebaceous adenomas and follicular cysts 118 Peter Hill Chapter 33 The dog that is losing hair 120 Peter Hill Chapter 34 Dermatophytosis 123 Peter Hill Chapter 35 Skin problems in non dog/cat species 126 Sharon Redrobe and Peter Hill Section 4 Gastrointesti nal problems Chapter 36 Dental disease 133 Norman Johnstone Chapter 37 Retching and gagging 138 Geoff Shawcross Chapter 38 Vomiting 140 Sheena Warman Chapter 39 Diarrhoea 143 Sheena Warman Chapter 40 The dog with haemorrhagic Gastroenteritis 146 Sheena Warman Chapter 41 Colitis 148 Sheena Warman Chapter 42 Liver disease 151 Sheena Warman Chapter 43 The dog or cat with pancreatitis 155 Sheena Warman Chapter 44 The dog with gastric dilatation and volvulus 158 Geoff Shawcross Chapter 45 Obstipation and megacolon 162 Geoff Shawcross Section 5 Musculoskeletal problems Chapter 46 Orthopaedic problems in young and growing dogs 169 Martin Owen Chapter 47 Forelimb lameness 177 Martin Owen Chapter 48 Hindlimb lameness 180 Martin Owen Chapter 49 Cranial cruciate ligament insufficiency 183 Martin Owen Chapter 50 Advising on osteoarthritis 187 Martin Owen Chapter 51 Initial fracture diagnosis and Management 190 Martin Owen Chapter 52 Spinal pain and disk herniation 194 Martin Owen Section 6 Cardio-respiratory problems Chapter 53 Coughing 201 Paul Smith Chapter 54 The dog with kennel cough 205 Paul Smith Chapter 55 Sneezing and nasal discharge 207 Andrea Harvey Chapter 56 The puppy or kitten with a heart murmur 210 Paul Smith Chapter 57 The dog with heart failure 214 Paul Smith Chapter 58 The dyspnoeic cat 218 Paul Smith Section 7 Eye problems Chapter 59 Eyelid problems 223 Jim Carter and Peter Hill Chapter 60 Conjunctivitis 227 Jim Carter Chapter 61 Corneal ulcers 230 Jim Carter Chapter 62 Cataracts 234 Jim Carter Chapter 63 Blindness 237 Jim Carter Section 8 Urinary tract problems Chapter 64 The dog with signs of cystitis or haematuria 241 Sheena Warman Chapter 65 The cat with signs of cystitis or haematuria 245 Sheena Warman Chapter 66 The blocked cat 247 Sheena Warman Chapter 67 The dog with urinary Incontinence 250 Peter Holt Chapter 68 Chronic renal failure 252 Sheena Warman Chapter 69 The dog with prostatic disease 256 Peter Holt Section 9 Reproductive tract problems Chapter 70 The bitch with pyometra 261 Geoff Shawcross Chapter 71 Pregnancy and whelping 263 Geoff Shawcross Chapter 72 Oestrus control, misalliance and false pregnancies 266 Geoff Shawcross Section 10 Endocrine problems Chapter 73 The dog with hypothyroidism 271 Sheena Warman Chapter 74 The dog with Hyperadrenocorticism 274 Sheena Warman Chapter 75 Diabetes mellitus 278 Sheena Warman Chapter 76 The cat with hyperthyroidism 282 Andrea Harvey Section 11 Emergencies and trauma Chapter 77 The road traffic accident 287 Geoff Shawcross Chapter 78 The pharyngeal foreign body 291 Geoff Shawcross Chapter 79 Problems associated with grass seeds 294 Geoff Shawcross Chapter 80 Burns 297 Peter Hill Section 12 Cancer Chapter 81 The dog or cat with cancer 303 Mark Goodfellow Chapter 82 The dog with a mammary Tumour 307 Mark Goodfellow Chapter 83 The dog with multicentric Lymphoma 310 Mark Goodfellow Section 13 Neurological problems Chapter 84 The dog having seizures 315 Sheena Warman Chapter 85 Hindlimb ataxia and weakness 319 Martin Owen Chapter 86 Vestibular disease 322 Sheena Warman Section 14 Behavioural problems Chapter 87 The aggressive dog 327 Jon Bowen Chapter 88 The frightened dog 330 Jon Bowen Chapter 89 Separation problems in the dog 333 Jon Bowen Chapter 90 House-soiling and elimination Problems 335 Jon Bowen Section 15 Poisonings Chapter 91 Dealing with suspected Poisoning 341 Geoff Shawcross Chapter 92 Anticoagulant rodenticide Toxicity 347 Sheena Warman Section 16 Problems in non dog/cat species Chapter 93 The sick rabbit 353 Sharon Redrobe Chapter 94 The sick hamster 359 Sharon Redrobe Chapter 95 The sick Guinea pig 363 Sharon Redrobe Chapter 96 The sick bird 368 Sharon Redrobe Chapter 97 The sick tortoise 374 Sharon Redrobe Section 17 Miscellaneous Chapter 98 The post-surgery check-up 385 Geoff Shawcross Chapter 99 Illnesses in animals that have travelled abroad 388 Sue Shaw Chapter 100 Elective euthanasia 392 Geoff Shawcross Section 18 Appendices Appendix 1 Rational use of antibiotics 397 Sheena Warman Appendix 2 Rational use of glucocorticoids 402 Peter Hill Appendix 3 General principles of non-steroidal anti-infl amatory drug (NSAID) use for the treatment of musculoskeletal pain 404 Martin Owen Appendix 4 Weight loss and obesity Control 406 Sheena Warman Appendix 5 Interpretation of haematology and biochemistry profiles 409 Peter Hill and Sheena Warman Abbreviations 415 Index 417