"21st Century Emissions Technology" highlights the ongoing need for emission reduction strategies and technologies in transport and off-highway (non-road) mobile machinery. New engine-after-treatment technologies, as well as alternative propulsion units, may all contribute to the solution. As standards become more stringent, it becomes increasingly important to breakdown infrastructure barriers (such as fuels or additives) to the application of these new technologies. Robust measurement capability and techniques will play a key role in the continued development of low emissions vehicles. The issues faced by vehicle machine and engine manufacturers associated with future emission legislation are addressed. Technical strategy is discussed together with the likely direction that research will take in response to these legislative demands. "21st Century Emissions Technology" focuses on reciprocating engines and their application challenges. In addition, measurement techniques, installation dilemmas, and legislation trends will be explored.
This volume provides the reader with the opportunity to read exports that discuss: ongoing challenges; possible solution and their competitive nature; latest achievements, and the visions that they were based on. "21st Century Emissions Technology" is useful reading for all those working in industry groups involved in combustion systems, fuels, fuel and air systems, engine design options, engine control, after-treatment, vehicle and machine systems, emission measurement techniques, and legislation trends.
Emission catalyst technology - challenges and opportunities in the 21st century; mobile emission control technologies in review; cost implications of various Euro 4 and 5 after-treatment solutions for heavy duty diesel engines; DETR/SMMT/CONCAWE particle research programme - effects of particulate traps on particle size, number, and mass emissions from light and heavy duty diesel engines; numerical investigation of thermophoretic and electrostatic particulate wall deposition efficiency in automotive vehicle exhaust pipes; characterization of exhaust particles from diesel and gasoline vehicles of different emission control technologies; 21st century emissions control technology - hybrid power train systems; emissions results from port injection and direct injection bi-fuel (gasoline and compressed natural gas) engines; injection natural gas engine for light-duty applications; gasoline controlled auto-ignition (CAItm) - potential and prospects for the future automotive application; experimental studies on controlled auto-ignition (CAI) combustion in a 4-stroke gasoline engine; 4-stroke active combustion (controlled auto-ignition) investigations using a single cylinder engine with Lotus active valve train (AVT); chemistry limits on minimum in-cylinder NOx production for internal combustion engines; gasoline engine concepts related to specific vehicle classes; air flow and fuel spray characterization - diagnostics for the 21st century engines; fuelling of a compression ignition engine on DME - preliminary results; the measurement of a particle number emissions from diesel engines - a fuel perspective; constant volume sampling system or mini dilution system? improvements in emission measurement systems; evaporative emissions systems - requirements, performance and control.
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