3-D seismic data have become the key tool used in the petroleum industry to understand the subsurface. In addition to providing excellent structural images, the dense sampling of a 3-D survey makes it possible to map reservoir quality and the distribution of oil and gas. Topics covered in this book include basic structural interpretation and map-making; the use of 3-D visualisation methods; interpretation of seismic amplitudes, including their relation to rock and fluid properties; and the generation and use of AVO and acoustic impedance datasets. This new paperback edition includes an extra appendix presenting new material on novel acquisition design, pore pressure prediction from seismic velocity, elastic impedance inversion, and time lapse seismics. Written by professional geophysicists with many years' experience in the oil industry, the book is indispensable for geoscientists using 3-D seismic data, including graduate students and new entrants into the petroleum industry.
Mike Bacon was awarded a PhD in geophysics from the University of Cambridge before becoming a Principal Scientific Officer at the Institute of Geological Sciences in Edinburgh (now the British Geological Survey). After working as a lecturer in the Geology Department of the University of Accra, Ghana, he took a position with Shell UK where he worked for 19 years as a seismic interpreter and as team leader in seismic special studies. He now works for Petro-Canada UK as a geophysical advisor. Dr Bacon is a co-author of Introduction to Seismic Interpretation by McQuillin et al (1979) and is a member of the editorial board of the petroleum industry magazine First Break. He is a Fellow of the Geological Society and a member of the EAGE (European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers). Rob Simm is a geophysicist with 16 years experience in the oil and gas industry and a specialist in the rock physics interpretation of seismic data in both exploration and production. After gaining an MSc and PhD in marine geology at University College London, the early part of his career was spent with Britoil plc and Tricentrol plc as a seismic interpreter. He subsequently took a position at Enterprise Oil and progressed from North Sea exploration to production and equity determination, prior to becoming an internal consultant to asset teams and management. Since 1999 Dr Simm has provided independent consultancy and training services to numerous independent and multi-national oil companies through his company Rock Physics Associates Ltd. Terry Redshaw gained a PhD in numerical analysis from the University of Wales before becoming a Geophysical Researcher with Western Geophysical. Since 1985 he has been employed by BP in a variety of roles. These have included research into imaging and inversion algorithms, as well as leading a team supplying BP's worldwide assets with support in the areas of seismic modelling, rock properties, AVO and seismic inversion. Dr Redshaw works at present in BP's Exploration Excellence team, which helps operating units to carry out the technical work needed to evaluate oil prospects and decide whether to drill them or not.