This is the annual published proceedings of the 36th Clinical Aphasiology Conference (CAC). It was held in Ghent, Belgium, and was the first CAC meeting to be held outside North America. As a result, the 2006 CAC attracted a substantial number of submissions from European researchers and clinicians, many of whom had never attended CAC before. Included in this issue are papers that have been peer reviewed and selected from among the papers and posters presented at CAC. Both theoretical and clinical papers relevant to the provision of clinical services to people with aphasia are included.