Dr. Edward Bittner, MD, PhD is an anesthesiologist and critical care physician at the Massachusetts General Hospital, where he serves as Program Director for the Critical Care Medicine Fellowship and Associate Director of the Surgical Intensive Care Unit. He is also an Associate Professor of Anesthesiology at Harvard Medical School. He earned his PhD in biostatistics from Tulane University, medical degree from Mount Sinai School of Medicine, and a master's degree in Medical Education from the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Bittner has broad academic and research interests that combine his background in biostatistics and education with his clinical expertise of anesthesiology and critical care. He has published over 150 original articles, reviews, chapters, and editorials in high impact journals and authoritative textbooks. He has also edited nine widely used books in anesthesiology and critical care.