This work offers an authorized biography of Lillian and George Willoughby, Quaker peace activists who have been at the forefront of many movements over the last century. This work should appeal to scholars interested in the lives of these two individuals, American peace movements, and Quaker studies. A Quaker farm woman and young man raised in the Panama Canal zone joined forces at the University of Iowa in 1939 and set out to make the world more peaceful. Lillian and George Willoughby resettled European refugees in the late 1930s, relocated interned Japanese-Americans when World War II broke out, and served as conscientious objectors during the war. They protested nuclear weapons in the 1950s. They promoted integration of the races, preservation of open spaces, and new ways of communal living. They opposed the Vietnam War and participated in peace walks, one of which reached Moscow. Despite the normal stresses on marital and family life, they worked increasingly as a tem, developing nonviolence training workshops, based on Gandhian principles, which they took to India and other countries in Asia.
In the new millennium, they have continued their ministries, and engaged in the new social issues: nonviolent peacekeeping in Central America and Sri Lanka, protection of open spaces, and opposition to the violence of the War on Drugs as well as the real war on Iraq. They participated fully in this, their authorized biography, during a time when Lillian, at 88, faced jail for her antiwar activities.
Dr. Gregory A. Barnes, a former Peace Corpsman in Africa, drew on his experiences there to publish a novella and six short stories. Following receipt of his Ph.D. at the University of Wisconsin he spent many years at Drexel University principally in directing the English Language Center and in publishing academic materials for international learners of English. He is a member of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends.
List of Illustrations; Foreword; Acknowledgements; Introduction: A Family Council; Way Opening; Following Their Leadings; In All Countries, Islands, Places, Nations; Making a Witness; Pendle Hill and Protests; Refocusing; The Gandhian Call; Balancing Relationships; "Change - Ever Change"; Movement & Inertia; Of Laying Down and Pushing On; "So Much Has Happened"; Looks Forward and Backward; To Study War No More; Appendix 1: The Willoughbys on Words; Appendix 2: Glossary of Acronyms; Bibliography.