Latin America experienced an epochal cycle of revolutionary upheavals and insurgencies during the twentieth century, from the Mexican Revolution of 1910 through the mobilizations and terror in Central America, the Southern Cone, and the Andes during the 1970s and 1980s. In his introduction to A Century of Revolution, Greg Grandin argues that the dynamics of political violence and terror in Latin America are so recognizable in their enforcement of domination, their generation and maintenance of social exclusion, and their propulsion of historical change, that historians have tended to take them for granted, leaving unexamined important questions regarding their form and meaning. The essays in this groundbreaking collection take up these questions, providing a sociologically and historically nuanced view of the ideological hardening and accelerated polarization that marked Latin America's twentieth century. Attentive to the interplay among overlapping local, regional, national, and international fields of power, the contributors focus on the dialectical relations between revolutionary and counterrevolutionary processes and their unfolding in the context of U.S. hemispheric and global hegemony. Through their fine-grained analyses of events in Chile, Colombia, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Peru, they suggest a framework for interpreting the experiential nature of political violence while also analyzing its historical causes and consequences. In so doing, they set a new agenda for the study of revolutionary change and political violence in twentieth-century Latin America.Contributors
Jeffrey L. Gould
Gilbert M. Joseph
Thomas Miller Klubock
Arno J. Mayer
Greg Grandin is Professor of History at New York University. He is the author of Fordlandia: The Rise and Fall of Henry Ford's Forgotten Jungle City, a finalist for both the National Book Award and the National Book Critics Circle Award, and The Blood of Guatemala: A History of Race and Nation, also published by Duke University Press. Gilbert M. Joseph is the Farnam Professor of History and International Studies at Yale University. He is the author of Revolution from Without: Yucatan, Mexico, and the United States, 1880-1924, and a co-editor of In from the Cold: Latin America's New Encounter with the Cold War and The Mexico Reader: History, Culture, Politics, all also published by Duke University Press.
Living in Revolutionary Time: Coming to Terms with the Violence of Latin America's Long Cold War / Greg Grandin 1 Part One: The First Cold War violence and Terror in the Russian and Mexican Revolutions / Friedrich Katz 45 Mueras y matanza: Spectacles of Terror and Violence in Postrevolutionary Mexico / Jocelyn Olcott 62 On the Road to "El Porvenir": A Revolutionary and Counterrevolutionary Violence in El Salvador and Nicaragua / Jeffrey R. Gould 88 Ranquil: Violence and Peasant Politics on Chile's Southern Frontier / Thomas Miller Klubock 121 Part Two: The Cuban Conjuncture The Trials: Violence and Justice in the Aftermath of the Cuban Revolution / Michelle Chase 163 Beyond Paradox: Counterrevolution and the Origins of Political Culture in the Cuban Revolution, 1959-2009 / Lillian Guerra 199 Part Three: The Weight of the Night The Furies of the Andes: Violence and Terror in the Chilean Revolution and Counterrevolution / Peter Winn 239 A Headlong Rush into the Future: Violence and Revolution in a Guatemalan Indigenous Village / Carlota McAllister 276 "People's War," "Dirty War": Cold War Legacy and the End of History in Postwar Peru / Gerardo Renique 309 The Cold War That Didn't End: Paramilitary Modernization in Medellin Miracle, Colombia / Forrest Hylton 338 Reflections You Say You Want a Counterrevolution: Well, You Know, We All Want to Change the World / Corey Robin 371 Thoughts on Violence and Modernity in Latin America / Neil Larsen 381 Conclusions Latin America's Long Cold War: A Century of Revolutionary Process and U.S. Power / Gilbert M. Joseph 397 History as Containment: An Interview with Arno J. Mayer / Greg Grandin 415 Contributors 423 Index 427