A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy is the most comprehensive single volume on the subject available; it offers the very latest scholarship to create a wide-ranging survey of the most important ideas, problems, and debates in the history of Buddhist philosophy. * Encompasses the broadest treatment of Buddhist philosophy available, covering social and political thought, meditation, ecology and contemporary issues and applications * Each section contains overviews and cutting-edge scholarship that expands readers understanding of the breadth and diversity of Buddhist thought * Broad coverage of topics allows flexibility to instructors in creating a syllabus * Essays provide valuable alternative philosophical perspectives on topics to those available in Western traditions
Steven M. Emmanuel is Professor of Philosophy at Virginia Wesleyan College, USA. He is the author of Kierkegaard and the Logic of Revelation (1996) and editor of two previous volumes with Blackwell: The Guide to the Modern Philosophers: From Descartes to Nietzsche (2001) and Modern Philosophy: An Anthology (2002). In 2008, he produced and directed an award-winning documentary film entitled Making Peace with Viet Nam.
Notes on Contributors xi Acknowledgments xviii List of Abbreviations xix Introduction 1 Steven M. Emmanuel Part I Conceptual Foundations 11 1 The Philosophical Context of Gotama s Thought 13 Stephen J. Laumakis 2 Dukkha, Non-Self, and the Teaching on the Four Noble Truths 26 Peter Harvey 3 The Conditioned Co-arising of Mental and Bodily Processes within Life and Between Lives 46 Peter Harvey Part II Major Schools of Buddhist Thought 69 4 Theravada 71 Andrew Skilton 5 Indian Mahayana Buddhism 86 James Blumenthal 6 Tibetan Mahayana and Vajrayana 99 Douglas Duckworth 7 East Asian Buddhism 110 Ronald S. Green Part III Themes in Buddhist Philosophy 127 A. Metaphysics 129 8 Metaphysical Issues in Indian Buddhist Thought 129 Jan Westerhoff 9 Emptiness in Mahayana Buddhism: Interpretations and Comparisons 151 David Burton 10 Practical Applications of the Perfection of Wisdom Stra and Madhyamaka in the Kalacakra Tantric Tradition 164 Vesna A. Wallace 11 The Huayan Metaphysics of Totality 180 Alan Fox 12 Forms of Emptiness in Zen 190 Bret W. Davis 13 Between the Horns of Idealism and Realism: The Middle Way of Madhyamaka 214 Graham Priest B. Epistemology 223 14 A Survey of Early Buddhist Epistemology 223 John J. Holder 15 Reason and Experience in Buddhist Epistemology 241 Christian Coseru 16 The Three Truths in Tiantai Buddhism 256 Brook Ziporyn 17 Spiritual Exercise and Buddhist Epistemologists in India and Tibet 270 Matthew T. Kapstein 18 Yogic Perception, Meditation, and Enlightenment: The Epistemological Issues in a Key Debate 290 Tom J. F. Tillemans C. Language and Logic 307 19 Language and Logic in Indian Buddhist Thought 307 Brendan S. Gillon 20 Buddhist Philosophy of Logic 320 Koji Tanaka 21 Candrakirti on the Limits of Language and Logic 331 Karen C. Lang 22 On the Value of Speaking and Not Speaking: Philosophy of Language in Zen Buddhism 349 Steven Heine 23 The Voice of Another: Speech, Responsiveness, and Buddhist Philosophy 366 Richard F. Nance D. Philosophy of Mind 377 24 Mind in Theravada Buddhism 377 Maria Heim 25 Philosophy of Mind in Buddhism 395 Richard P. Hayes 26 Cognition, Phenomenal Character, and Intentionality in Tibetan Buddhism 405 Jonathan Stoltz 27 The Non-Self Theory and Problems in Philosophy of Mind 419 Joerg Tuske E. Ethics and Moral Philosophy 429 28 Ethical Thought in Indian Buddhism 429 Christopher W. Gowans 29 Character, Disposition, and the Qualities of the Arahats as a Means of Communicating Buddhist Philosophy in the Suttas 452 Sarah Shaw 30 Compassion and the Ethics of Violence 466 Stephen Jenkins 31 Buddhist Ethics and Western Moral Philosophy 476 William Edelglass F. Social and Political Philosophy 491 32 The Enlightened Sovereign: Buddhism and Kingship in India and Tibet 491 Georgios T. Halkias 33 Political Interpretations of the Lotus Stra 512 James Mark Shields 34 Socially Engaged Buddhism: Emerging Patterns of Theory and Practice 524 Christopher S. Queen 35 Comparative Refl ections on Buddhist Political Thought: Auoka, Shambhala and the General Will 536 David Cummiskey Part IV Buddhist Meditation 553 36 Buddhist Meditation: Theory and Practice 555 Charles Goodman 37 Seeing Mind, Being Body: Contemplative Practice and Buddhist Epistemology 572 Anne Carolyn Klein 38 From the Five Aggregates to Phenomenal Consciousness: Towards a Cross-Cultural Cognitive Science 585 Jake H. Davis and Evan Thompson Part V Contemporary Issues and Applications 599 39 Buddhism and Environmental Ethics 601 Simon P. James 40 Buddhism and Biomedical Issues 613 Damien Keown 41 War and Peace in Buddhist Philosophy 631 Sallie B. King 42 Buddhist Perspectives on Human Rights 651 Karma Lekshe Tsomo 43 Buddhist Perspectives on Gender Issues 663 Rita M. Gross 44 Diversity Matters: Buddhist Refl ections on the Meaning of Difference 675 Peter D. Hershock Further Reading 693 Index 696