With 58 original essays by major experts, this Companion volume provides the first survey of all the major figures of 19th- and 20th-century Continental philosophy. Each essay explains and develops the key ideas of a central figure or movement as they relate to such areas as art theory, cultural studies, social and political theory, psychology, and the sciences. The core topic section headings include: 'The Kantian Legacy' (Kant to Hegel); 'Overturning the Tradition' (Marx to Bergson); 'The Phenomenological Breakthrough' (neo-Kantianism to Heidegger); 'Phenomenology, Hegelianism and anti-Hegelianism in France' (Kojeve to Blanchot); 'Religion without Limits of Reason' (Rosenzweig to Marcel); 'Three Generations of Critical Theory' (Benjamin onwards); 'Hermeneutics' (Schleiermacher to Ricoeur); 'Continental Political Philosophy' (Lukas to Castoriadis); and, 'Structuralism and After' (Levi-Strauss to Le Doeuff). The key contributors include Beiser, Pippin, Caputo, Flynn, McCarthy, Laclau, Patton, and Bennington, among others.
Covering the complete development of post-Kantian Continental philosophy, this volume serves as an essential reference work for philosophers and those engaged in the many disciplines that are integrally related to Continental and European Philosophy.
Simon Critchley is Reader in Philosophy at the University of Essex and Program Director at the College International de Philosophie, Paris. He is author of The Ethics of Deconstruction (1992), Very Little... Almost Nothing (1997) and Ethics-Politics-Subjectivity (1999). He is co-editor of Re-reading Levinas (1991), Deconstructive Subjectivities (1996), and Emmanuel Levinas: Basic Philosophical Writings (1996). William R. Schroeder teaches Continental Philosophy at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. He is author of Sartre and His Predecessors: The Self and the Other (1984). He has also written on Hegel Nietzsche, interpretive theory, freedom, and Continental ethics and is currently working on a survey of Continental philosophy for Blackwell Publishers.
Acknowledgements. List of Contributors. Introduction: what is Continental Philosophy?: Simon Critchley (University of Essex). Part I: The Kantian Legacy: 1. The Context and Problematic of Post-Kantian Philosophy: Frederick C. Beiser (University of Indiana, Bloomington). 2. Kant: Robert B. Pippin (University of Chicago). 3. Fichte: Ludwig Siep (Universitat Munster). 4. Early German Romanticism: Friedrich Schlegel and Novalis: Ernst Behler (University of Washington, Seattle). 5. Schelling: Jean-Francois Courtine (Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris). 6. Hegel: Stephen Houlgate (University of Warwick). Part II: Overturning The Tradition: 7. Feuerbach and the Young Hegelians: Lawrence S. Stepelevich (Villanova University). 8. Marx: Michel Henry (University of Montpellier III). 9. Kierkegaard: Merold Westphal (Fordham University). 10. Schopenhauer: Robert Rethy (Xavier University). 11. Nietzsche: Charles E. Scott (Pennsylvania State University). 12. Freud: John Deigh (Northwestern University). 13. Bergson: Pete A. Y. Gunter (North Texas State University). Part III: The Phenomenological Breakthrough: 14. Neo-Kantianism: Steven Galt Crowell (Rice University). 15. Husserl: Rudolf Bernet (Louvain Catholic University). 16. Scheler: Manfred S. Frings (The Max Scheler Archives, Des Plaimes). 17. Jaspers: Kurt Salamun (University of Graz) 18. Heidegger: John D. Caputo (Villanova University). Part IV: Phenomenology, Hegelianism and Anti-Hegelianism in France: 19. Kojeve: Stanley Rosen (Boston University). 20. Levinas: Hent De Vries (University of Amsterdam). 21. Sartre: Thomas R. Flynn (Emory University). 22. De Beauvoir: Kate Fullbrook (University of the West of England) and Edward Fullbrook (freelance writer). 23. Merleau-Ponty: Bernhard Waldenfelds (Ruhr-Universitat Bochum). 24. Bataille: Robert Sasso (University of Nice). 25. Blanchot: Paul Davies (University of Sussex). Part V: Religion Without The Limits of Reason: 26. Franz Rosenzweig: Paul Mendes-Flohr (Hebrew University). 27. Martin Buber: Maurice Friedman (San Diego State University). 28. Marcel: Philip Stratton-Lake (Keele University). Part VI: Three Generations of Critical Theory: 29. Benjamin: Rebecca Comay (University of Toronto). 30. Horkheimer: Gunzelin Schmidt Noerr (Frankfurt am Main). 31. Adorno: Hauke Brunkhorst (Frankfurt am Main). 32. Bloch: Hans-Dieter Bahr (University of Vienna). 33. Marcuse: Douglas Kellner (University of Texas at Austin). 34. Habermas: Thomas McCarthy (Northwestern University). 35. Third Generation Critical Theory: Max Pensky (SUNY, Binghampton). Part VII: Hermeneutics: 36. Schleiermacher: Ben Vedder (University of Tilburg). 37. Dilthey: Rudolf A. Makkreel (Emory University). 38. Gadamer: Dennis J. Schmidt (Villanova University). 39. Ricoeur: Richard Kearney (University College, Dublin). Part VIII: Continental Political Philosophy: 40. Lukacs: Gyorgy Markus (University of Sydney). 41. Gramsci: Ernesto Laclau (University of Essex). 42. Schmitt: G. L. Ulmen (Telos Press Ltd). 43. Arendt: Robert Bernasconi (Memphis State University). 44. Lefort: Bernard Flynn (Empire State College, SUNY). 45. Castoriadis: Fabio Ciaramelli (University of Naples). Part IX: Structuralism and After: 46. Levi-Strauss: Marcel Henaff (UCSD, California). 47. Lacan: William J. Richardson (Boston College). 48. Althusser: Jacques Ranciere (University of Paris VIII). 49. Foucault: Paul Patton (University of Sydney). 50. Derrida: Geoffrey Bennington (University of Sussex). 51. Deleuze: Brian Massumi (McGill University). 52. Lyotard: Jacob Rogozinski (University of Paris VIII). 53. Baudrillard: Mike Gane (Loughborough University). 54. Irigaray: Tina Chanter (Memphis State University). 55. Kristeva: Kelly Oliver (University of Texas at Austin). 56. Le Doeuff: Moira Gatens (University of Sydney). Afterword: William R Schroeder. Analytic Index.