An authoritative and much-needed overview of the main issues in the field of early cinema from over 30 leading international scholars in the field * First collection of its kind to offer in one reference: original theory, new research, and reviews of existing studies in the field * Features over 30 original essays from some of the leading scholars in early cinema and Film Studies, including Tom Gunning, Jane Gaines, Richard Abel, Thomas Elsaesser, and Andre Gaudreault * Caters to renewed interest in film studies historical methods, with strict analysis of multiple and competing sources, providing a critical re-contextualization of films, printed material and technologies * Covers a range of topics in early cinema, such as exhibition, promotion, industry, pre-cinema, and film criticism * Broaches the latest research on the subject of archival practices, important particularly in the current digital context
Andre Gaudreault is Professor in Film Studies at the Universite de Montreal, where he heads the research group GRAFICS (Groupe de recherche sur l avenement et la formation des institutions cinematographique et scenique). He is also director of the bilingual journal Cinemas, published in Montreal. He has presented numerous scholarly papers and published extensively on film narration and early cinema. Nicolas Dulac is Lecturer in Film Studies at the Universite de Montreal. He has published on early cinema and turn-of-the-century popular culture in journals such as 1895 Revue d Histoire du Cinema, Cinema & Cie, and Early Popular Visual Culture. Santiago Hidalgo is Lecturer in Film Studies at the Universite de Montreal. He has published on early cinema, film criticism, and film historiography in Cinemas and in conference proceedings for events in Udine, Italy and Cerisy, France.
List of Contributors viii Acknowledgments xiv Introduction 1 Nicolas Dulac, Andre Gaudreault, and Santiago Hidalgo Part I Early Cinema Cultures 13 1 The Culture Broth and the Froth of Cultures of So-called Early Cinema 15 Andre Gaudreault 2 Toward a History of Peep Practice 32 Erkki Huhtamo 3 We are Here and Not Here : Late Nineteenth-Century Stage Magic and the Roots of Cinema in the Appearance (and Disappearance) of the Virtual Image 52 Tom Gunning 4 The Feerie between Stage and Screen 64 Frank Kessler 5 The Theatrophone, an Anachronistic Hybrid Experiment or One of the First Immobile Traveler Devices? 80 Giusy Pisano 6 The Silent Arts: Modern Pantomime and the Making of an Art Cinema in Belle Epoque Paris: The Case of Georges Wague and Germaine Dulac 99 Tami Williams Part II Early Cinema Discourses 119 7 First Discourses on Film and the Construction of a Cinematic Episteme 121 Francois Albera 8 The Discourses of Art in Early Film, or, Why Not Ranciere? 141 Rob King 9 Sensationalism and Early Cinema 163 Annemone Ligensa 10 From Craft to Industry: Series and Serial Production Discourses and Practices in France 183 Laurent Le Forestier 11 Early American Film Publications: Film Consciousness, Self Consciousness 202 Santiago Hidalgo 12 Early Cinema and Film Theory 224 Roger Odin Part III Early Cinema Forms 243 13 A Bunch of Violets 245 Ben Brewster 14 Modernity Stops at Nothing: The American Chase Film and the Specter of Lynching 257 Jan Olsson 15 The Knowledge Which Comes in Pictures : Educational Films and Early Cinema Audiences 277 Jennifer Peterson 16 Motion Picture Color and Pathe-Freres: The Aesthetic Consequences of Industrialization 298 Charles O Brien Part IV Early Cinema Presentations 315 17 The European Fairground Cinema: (Re)defining and (Re)contextualizing the Cinema of Attractions 317 Joseph Garncarz 18 Early Film Programs: An Overture, Five Acts, and an Interlude 334 Richard Abel 19 Half Real-Half Reel : Alternation Format Stage-and-Screen Hybrids 360 Gwendolyn Waltz 20 Advance Newspaper Publicity for the Vitascope and the Mass Address of Cinema s Reading Public 381 Paul S. Moore 21 Storefront Theater Advertising and the Evolution of the American Film Poster 398 Kathryn H. Fuller-Seeley 22 Bound by Cinematic Chains: Film and Prisons during the Early Era 420 Alison Griffiths Part V Early Cinema Identities 441 23 Anonymity: Uncredited and Unknown in Early Cinema 443 Jane M. Gaines 24 The Invention of Cinematic Celebrity in the United Kingdom 460 Andrew Shail 25 The Film Lecturer 487 Germain Lacasse 26 Richard Hoffman: A Collector s Archive 498 Richard Koszarski Part VI Early Cinema Recollections 525 27 Early Films in the Age of Content; or, Cinema of Attractions Pursued by Digital Means 527 Paolo Cherchi Usai 28 Multiple Originals: The (Digital) Restoration and Exhibition of Early Films 550 Giovanna Fossati 29 Pointing Forward, Looking Back: Reflexivity and Deixis in Early Cinema and Contemporary Installations 568 Nanna Verhoeff 30 Is Nothing New? Turn-of-the-Century Epistemes in Film History 587 Thomas Elsaesser Index 610
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