The Companion to Global Environmental History offers multiple points of entry into the history and historiography of this dynamic and fast-growing field, to provide an essential road map to past developments, current controversies, and future developments for specialists and newcomers alike. * Combines temporal, geographic, thematic and contextual approaches from prehistory to the present day * Explores environmental thought and action around the world, to give readers a cultural, intellectual and political context for engagement with the environment in modern times * Brings together environmental historians from around the world, including scholars from South Africa, Brazil, Germany, and China
J.R. McNeill is Professor of History at Georgetown University, where he held the Cinco Hermanos Chair in Environmental and International Affairs before becoming University Professor in 2006. His book Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World was listed by The Times as one of the best science books ever written. The book was co-winner of the World History Association and Forest History Society book prizes and runner-up for the BP Natural World book prize. McNeill has authored a number of other award-winning books on environmental history, and in 2010 he was awarded the Toynbee Prize for academic and public contributions to humanity.' Erin Stewart Mauldin is an Assistant Professor of History at Samford University in Birmingham, Alabama. Her current project examines the ecological implications of the Civil War for agriculture in the U.S. South.
List of Maps x Notes on Contributors xi Acknowledgments xv Global Environmental History: An Introduction xvi J. R. McNeill and Erin Stewart Mauldin PART I TIMES 1 1 Global Environmental History: The First 150,000 Years 3 J. R. McNeill 2 The Ancient World, c. 500 BCE to 500 CE 18 J. Donald Hughes 3 The Medieval World, 500 to 1500 CE 39 Daniel Headrick 4 The (Modern) World since 1500 57 Robert B. Marks PART II PLACES 79 5 Southeast Asia in Global Environmental History 81 Peter Boomgaard 6 Environmental History in Africa 96 Jane Carruthers 7 Latin America in Global Environmental History 116 Shawn W. Miller 8 The United States in Global Environmental History 132 Erin Stewart Mauldin 9 The Arctic and Subarctic in Global Environmental History 153 Liza Piper 10 The Middle East in Global Environmental History 167 Alan Mikhail 11 Australia in Global Environmental History 182 Libby Robin 12 Oceania: The Environmental History of One-Third of the Globe 196 Paul D'Arcy 13 The Environmental History of the Soviet Union 222 Stephen Brain PART III DRIVERS OF CHANGE AND ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSFORMATIONS 245 14 The Grasslands of North America and Russia 247 David Moon 15 Global Forests 263 Nancy Langston 16 Fishing and Whaling 279 Micah S. Muscolino 17 Riverine Environments 297 Alan Roe 18 War and the Environment 319 Richard P. Tucker 19 Technology and the Environment 340 Paul Josephson 20 Cities and the Environment 360 Jordan Bauer and Martin V. Melosi 21 Evolution and the Environment 377 Edmund Russell 22 Climate Change in Global Environmental History 394 Sam White 23 Industrial Agriculture 411 Meredith McKittrick 24 Biological Exchange in Global Environmental History 433 J. R. McNeill PART IV ENVIRONMENTAL THOUGHT AND ACTION 453 25 Environmentalism in Brazil: A Historical Perspective 455 Jose Augusto Padua 26 Environmentalism and Environmental Movements in China since 1949 474 Bao Maohong 27 Religion and Environmentalism 493 Joachim Radkau 28 The Environmentalism of the Poor: Its Origins and Spread 513 Joan Martinez-Alier Index 530
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