A Companion to Paleoanthropology presents a compendium of readings from leading scholars in the field that define our current knowledge of the major discoveries and developments in human origins and human evolution, tracing the fossil record from primate and hominid origins to the dispersal of modern humans across the globe.
Represents an accessible state-of-the-art summary of the entire field of paleoanthropology, with an overview of hominid taxonomyFeatures articles on the key discoveries in ape and human evolution, in cranial, postcranial and brain evolution, growth and developmentSurveys the breadth of the paleontological record from primate origins to modern humansHighlights the unique methods and techniques of paleoanthropology, including dating and ecological methods, and use of living primate date to reconstruct behavior in fossil apes and humans
David Begun is Professor in the Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto. A paleoanthropologist with 30 years of experience in the analysis of fossil apes, Begun's current research focuses on the relationships between European and African fossil and living great apes and the origin of the African apes and humans. He has published numerous articles and book chapters on that topic, and on the description and analysis of fossils from Europe, Asia, and Africa.
List of Illustrations viii List of Tables xvi Notes on Contributors xviii Acknowledgments xxviii 1 The Past, Present and Future of Paleoanthropology 1 David R. Begun 2 History 17 Matthew R. Goodrum Part I Background to Paleoanthropology 35 Section 1 Method and Theory 35 3 Human Systematics 37 David S. Strait 4 Experimental Approaches to Musculoskeletal Function in Primates 55 Matthew J. Ravosa, Kimberly A. Congdon, and Rachel A. Menegaz 5 Multivariate Quantitative Methods in Paleoanthropology 75 Michael A. Schillaci and Philipp Gunz 6 Growth, Development, and Life History in Hominin Evolution 97 Jay Kelley and Debra Bolter Section 2 Anatomical Regions 118 7 Cranial Evolution in the Apes 119 Brian T. Shea 8 Hominid Brain Evolution 136 P. Thomas Schoenemann 9 Hominin Diets 165 Peter S. Ungar and Matt Sponheimer 10 Origin and Evolution of Human Postcranial Anatomy 183 Brian G. Richmond and Kevin G. Hatala Section 3 Environment and Behavior 203 11 Multiproxy Paleoecology: Reconstructing Evolutionary Context in Paleoanthropology 204 Kaye E. Reed 12 Reconstructing Social Behavior from Fossil Evidence 226 J. Michael Plavcan 13 Geochronology 244 Alan L. Deino 14 The Origins and Evolution of Technology 265 Kathy Schick and Nicholas Toth Section 4 Genetics and Race 290 15 Genetic Perspectives on Ape and Human Evolution 291 Todd R. Disotell 16 The Genetics of Morphology 306 Richard J. Sherwood and Dana L. Duren 17 Paleoanthropology and Race 321 Milford H. Wolpoff and Rachel Caspari Part II The Fossil Record 339 Section 5 Paleogene Primates 339 18 Primate Origins 341 Mary T. Silcox 19 Anthropoid Origins 358 K. Christopher Beard 20 Catarrhine Origins 376 Terry Harrison Section 6 Neogene/Quaternary Hominoids 397 21 The Miocene Hominoid Radiations 398 David R. Begun 22 Before Australopithecus : The Earliest Hominins 417 Scott W. Simpson 23 Australopithecus and Kenyanthropus 434 Ashley S. Hammond and Carol V. Ward 24 Paranthropus 457 Bernard Wood and Kes Schroer Section 7 The Age of Homo 479 25 Earliest Homo 480 Friedemann Schrenk 26 Homo erectus and Related Taxa 497 Susan C. Anton 27 The Middle Pleistocene Record: On the Ancestry of Neandertals, Modern Humans and Others ... 517 Jean-Jacques Hublin 28 Neanderthals 538 Katerina Harvati-Papatheodorou 29 Modern Human Origins 557 Mark Collard and Mana Dembo 30 Homo floresiensis 582 William L. Jungers Index 599