A Companion to the History of American Science offers a collection of essays that give an authoritative overview of the most recent scholarship on the history of American science.
Covers topics including astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, eugenics, Big Science, military technology, and more
Features contributions by the most accomplished scholars in the field of science history
Covers pivotal events in U.S. history that shaped the development of science and science policy such as WWII, the Cold War, and the Women s Rights movement
Georgina M. Montgomery is Assistant Professor of Science History at Michigan State University. She is co-editor of Making Animal Meaning (2011). Mark A. Largent is Associate Professor and Associate Dean of Science History and Medicine at Michigan State University. He is the author of Vaccine: The Debate in Modern America (2012) and Breeding Contempt: The History of Coerced Sterilization in the United States (2007).
Notes on Contributors xi Introduction 1 Georgina M. Montgomery and Mark A. Largent Part I Disciplines 7 1 Agricultural Sciences 9 Samantha Noll 2 Anthropology 21 Adrian Young 3 Astronomy and Astrophysics 33 Peter J. Susalla 4 Chemistry 44 Ann E. Robinson 5 Computer Science 55 Stephanie Dick 6 Conservation Biology 69 Christian C. Young 7 Economics 82 Ross B. Emmett 8 Experimental Psychology 95 Jim Wynter Porter 9 Genetics 110 Melinda Gormley 10 Geophysics 120 Matthew Shindell 11 Marine Biology 134 Samantha Muka 12 Medical Genetics 147 Andrew J. Hogan 13 Meteorology and Atmospheric Science 160 James Bergman 14 Molecular and Cellular Biology 174 Lijing Jiang 15 Nuclear, High Energy, and Solid State Physics 186 Joseph D. Martin 16 Nutrition 199 Jessica Mudry 17 Paleoanthropology and Human Evolution 213 Matthew R. Goodrum 18 Paleontology 227 Paul D. Brinkman 19 Ecology 241 Gina Rumore 20 Sociobiology and Evolutionary Psychology 252 Abraham H. Gibson and Michael Ruse 21 Sociology 263 Sebasti 'an Gil-Ria no 22 Space and Planetary Sciences 276 Erik M. Conway Part II Topics 289 23 Biotechnology 291 Nathan Crowe 24 Darwinism 306 Adam M. Goldstein 25 Science Education 320 Adam R. Shapiro 26 Environmental Science 333 Daniel Zizzamia 27 The American Eugenics Movement 345 Christine Neejer 28 Evolution and Creation Debates 361 Arthur Ward 29 Field and Laboratory 374 Jeremy Vetter 30 Gender and Science 385 Donald L. Opitz 31 The Germ Theory 397 Jacob Steere-Williams 32 Instrumentation 408 Sara J. Schechner 33 Science and Literature 420 Stephen Rachman 34 Museums 431 Amy Kohout 35 Natural History 444 Pamela M. Henson 36 Nature Study 456 Sally Gregory Kohlstedt 37 Science and Policy 468 Kevin C. Elliott 38 Popularizing Science 479 Constance Areson Clark 39 Science and Postcolonialism 491 Banu Subramaniam 40 Racial Science 502 Robert Bernasconi 41 Relativity in America 512 Daniel Kennefick 42 Science and Religion 528 Mark A. Waddell 43 Sex and Science 541 Miriam G. Reumann 44 Zoos and Aquariums 553 Christian C. Young Bibliography 566 Index 666