Drawing on the expertise of 26 distinguished scholars, this important volume covers the major issues in the study of medieval Europe, highlighting the significant impact the time period had on cultural forms and institutions central to European identity.
Examines changing approaches to the study of medieval Europe, its periodization, and central themes Includes coverage of important questions such as identity and the self, sexuality and gender, emotionality and ethnicity, as well as more traditional topics such as economic and demographic expansion; kingship; and the rise of the West Explores Europe s understanding of the wider world to place the study of the medieval society in a global context
Carol Lansing is Professor of History at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Her research focuses on medieval Italian politics, society, and culture. Previous publications include The Florentine Magnates: Lineage and Faction in a Medieval Commune (1991), Power and Purity: Cathar Heresy in Medieval Italy (1998) and Passion and Order: Restraint of Grief in the Medieval Italian Communes (2008). Edward D. English is Executive Director of Medieval Studies and Associate Professor of History at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is finishing the first of two volumes on the society and politics of Siena in the fourteenth century. His other publications include Enterprise and Liability in Sienese Banking, 1230-1350 (1988) and The Encyclopedia of the Medieval World, 2 volumes (2005).
Notes on Contributors viii PART I THE MIDDLE AGES 1 1 The Idea of a Middle Ages 3Edward D. English and Carol Lansing PART II EARLY MEDIEVAL FOUNDATIONS 7 2 Economies and Societies in Early Medieval Western Europe 9Matthew Innes 3 Politics and Power 36Hans Hummer 4 Religious Culture and the Power of Tradition in the Early Medieval West 67Yitzhak Hen PART III POPULATIONS AND THE ECONOMY 87 5 Economic Takeoff and the Rise of Markets 89James Paul Masschaele 6 Rural Families in Medieval Europe 111Phillipp R. Schofield 7 Marriage in Medieval Latin Christendom 130Martha Howell 8 Gender and Sexuality 161John Arnold 9 Society, Elite Families, and Politics in Late Medieval Italian Cities 185Edward D. English PART IV RELIGIOUS CULTURE 209 10 New Religious Movements and Reform 211Maureen C. Miller 11 Monastic and Mendicant Communities 231Constance H. Berman 12 Hospitals in the Middle Ages 257James W. Brodman 13 Popular Belief and Heresy 276Carol Lansing 14 Jews in the Middle Ages 293Kenneth R. Stow 15 Muslims in Medieval Europe 313Olivia Remie Constable PART V POLITICS AND POWER 333 16 Conflict Resolution and Legal Systems 335Thomas Kuehn 17 Medieval Rulers and Political Ideology 354Robert W. Dyson 18 Papal Monarchy 372Andreas Meyer 19 Urban Historical Geography and the Writing of Late Medieval Urban History 397Teofilo F. Ruiz 20 Bureaucracy and Literacy 413Richard Britnell 21 The Practice of War 435Clifford J. Rogers 22 Expansion and the Crusades 455Christopher Tyerman PART VI TECHNOLOGIES AND CULTURE 475 23 Romanesque and Gothic Church Architecture 477Stephen Murray 24 Aristocratic Culture: Kinship, Chivalry, and Court Culture 500Richard E. Barton 25 Philosophy and Humanism 525Stephen Gersh 26 Philosophy and Theology in the Universities 544Philipp W. Rosemann PART VII THE EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 561 27 Medieval Europe in World History 563R. I. Moore Index 581