Comprised of essays by top scholars in the field, this volume offers detailed overviews of philosophical issues raised by biology. * Brings together a team of eminent scholars to explore the philosophical issues raised by biology * Addresses traditional and emerging topics, spanning molecular biology and genetics, evolution, developmental biology, immunology, ecology, mind and behaviour, neuroscience, and experimentation * Begins with a thorough introduction to the field * Goes beyond previous treatments that focused only on evolution to give equal attention to other areas, such as molecular and developmental biology * Represents both an authoritative guide to philosophy of biology, and an accessible reference work for anyone seeking to learn about this rapidly-changing field
Sahotra Sarkar is Professor of Integrative Biology, Geography and the Environment, and Philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author of Genetics and Reductionism: A Primer (1998), Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy (2005), Molecular Models of Life (2005), Doubting Darwin? Creationist Designs on Evolution (2007); co-author of Systematic Conservation Planning (2007); editor of several books, including The Philosophy and History of Molecular Biology (1996), the six-volume Science and the Philosophy in the Twentieth Century: Basic Works of Logical Empiricism (1996), and the two-volume The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia (2006). Anya Plutynski is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Utah. She specializes in the history and philosophy of science.
List of Figures viii List of Tables x Notes on Contributors xi Acknowledgments xvii Introduction xviii Sahotra Sarkar and Anya Plutynski Part I Molecular Biology and Genetics 1 1 Gene Concepts 3 Hans-Jorg Rheinberger and Staffan Muller-Wille 2 Biological Information 22 Stefan Artmann 3 Heredity and Heritability 40 Richard C. Lewontin 4 Genomics, Proteomics, and Beyond 58 Sahotra Sarkar Part II Evolution 75 5 Darwinism and Neo-Darwinism 77 James G. Lennox 6 Systematics and Taxonomy 99 Marc Ereshefsky 7 Population Genetics 119 Christopher Stephens 8 The Units and Levels of Selection 138 Samir Okasha 9 Molecular Evolution 157 Michael R. Dietrich 10 Speciation and Macroevolution 169 Anya Plutynski 11 Adaptationism 186 Peter Godfrey-Smith and Jon F. Wilkins Part III Developmental Biology 203 12 Phenotypic Plasticity and Reaction Norms 205 Jonathan M. Kaplan 13 Explaining the Ontogeny of Form: Philosophical Issues 223 Alan C. Love 14 Development and Evolution 248 Ron Amundson Part IV Medicine 269 15 Self and Nonself 271 Moira Howes 16 Health and Disease 287 Dominic Murphy Part V Ecology 299 17 Population Ecology 301 Mark Colyvan 18 Complexity, Diversity, and Stability 321 James Justus 19 Ecosystems 351 Kent A. Peacock 20 Biodiversity: Its Meaning and Value 368 Bryan G. Norton Part VI Mind and Behavior 391 21 Ethology, Sociobiology, and Evolutionary Psychology 393 Paul E. Griffiths 22 Cooperation 415 J. McKenzie Alexander 23 Language and Evolution 431 Derek Bickerton Part VII Experimentation, Theory, and Themes 453 24 What is Life? 455 Mark A. Bedau 25 Experimentation 472 Marcel Weber 26 Laws and Theories 489 Marc Lange 27 Models 506 Jay Odenbaugh 28 Function and Teleology 525 Justin Garson 29 Reductionism in Biology 550 Alexander Rosenberg Index 568
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