A Companion to the Roman Army (Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World)
By: Paul Erdkamp (editor)Paperback
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This companion provides an extensive account of the Roman army, exploring its role in Roman politics and society as well as the reasons for its effectiveness as a fighting force.
An extensive account of the Roman army, from its beginnings to its transformation in the later Roman EmpireExamines the army as a military machine its recruitment, training, organization, tactics and weaponryExplores the relationship of the army to Roman politics, economics and society more broadlyConsiders the geography and climate of the lands in which the Romans foughtEach chapter is written by a leading expert in a particular subfield and takes account of the latest scholarly and archaeological research in that area
Paul Erdkamp is Research Fellow in Ancient History at Leiden University. He is author of Hunger and the Sword: Warfare and Food Supply in Roman Republican Wars (264 30 BC) (1998) and The Grain Market in the Roman Empire (2005), and editor of The Roman Army and the Economy (2002).
List of Illustrations x Notes on Contributors xii Abbreviations of Reference Works and Journals xvii Abbreviations of Works of Classical Literature xxii Introduction 1Paul Erdkamp Part I Early Rome 5 1 Warfare and the Army in Early Rome 7John Rich 2 The Army and Centuriate Organization in Early Rome 24Gary Forsythe Part II Mid- and Late Republic 43 3 Army and Battle During the Conquest of Italy (350 264 bc) 45Louis Rawlings 4 The Age of Overseas Expansion (264 146 bc) 63Dexter Hoyos 5 The Late Republican Army (146 30 bc) 80Pierre Cagniart 6 War and State Formation in the Roman Republic 96Paul Erdkamp 7 Roman Manpower and Recruitment During the Middle Republic 114Luuk de Ligt 8 Military Command, Political Power, and the Republican Elite 132Nathan Rosenstein 9 Colonization, Land Distribution, and Veteran Settlement 148Will Broadhead 10 Army and General in the Late Roman Republic 164Lukas de Blois Part III The Empire (Actium to Adrianople) 181 The Structure of the Imperial Army 11 The Augustan Reform and the Structure of the Imperial Army 183Kate Gilliver 12 Classes. The Evolution of the Roman Imperial Fleets 201D. B. Saddington 13 Battle, Tactics, and the Emergence of the Limites in the West 218James Thorne 14 The Army and the Limes in the East 235Everett L. Wheeler 15 Strategy and Army Structure between Septimius Severus and Constantine the Great 267Karl Strobel Military Organization 16 Military Documents, Languages, and Literacy 286Sara Elise Phang 17 Finances and Costs of the Roman Army 306Peter Herz 18 War- and Peacetime Logistics: Supplying Imperial Armies in East and West 323Peter Kehne Army, Emperor, and Empire 19 The Roman Army and Propaganda 339Olivier Hekster 20 The Army and the Urban Elite: A Competition for Power 359Clifford Ando 21 Making Emperors. Imperial Instrument or Independent Force? 379Anthony R. Birley Soldiers and Veterans in Society 22 Military Camps, Canabae, and Vici. The Archaeological Evidence 395Norbert Hanel 23 Marriage, Families, and Survival: Demographic Aspects 417Walter Scheidel 24 Recruits and Veterans 435Gabriele Wesch-Klein 25 The Religions of the Armies 451Oliver Stoll Part IV The Late Roman Empire (up to Justinian) 477 26 Warlords and Landlords 479Wolf Liebeschuetz 27 The Foederati 495Timo Stickler 28 Army and Society in the Late Roman World: A Context for Decline? 515Michael Whitby 29 Army and Battle in the Age of Justinian (527 65) 532Hugh Elton Index locorum 551 Index 555
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