A Comparative Study of Adjustments to Social Catastrophes in Christianity and B'uddhism: The Black Death in Europe and the Kamakura Takeover in Japan
By: Kirk R. MacGregor (author)Hardback
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This study contends that, due to the parallel religious issues respectively raised by the late classical transition to decentralized feudal rule in Japan and by the Black Death in Europe, Buddhist theological developments mirror in their internal logic the succession from late medieval Catholicism to Lutheranism to Calvinism. This work identifies the Kamakura Takeover and the Black Death as the respective socio-cultural events that gave rise to a works-centered Buddhism and a works-centered Christianity. It then argues that first-generation Japanese reformer Honen (not the second-generation reformer Shinran) is the best counterpart to Martin Luther, both of whom taught a message of salvation by faith alone. Moreover, it proposes that second-generation Christian reformer John Calvin is the best counterpart to Shinran, both of whom proclaimed a message of salvation by grace alone. This book will appeal to scholars in Buddhist-Christian Studies, Japanese Buddhism, Reformation Studies, Christian Theology, and Comparative Religion.
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- ID: 9780773415492
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