Bulgaria became a member of the European Union in 2007, yet its history is amongst the least well known in the rest of the continent. R. J. Crampton provides here a general introduction to this country at the cross-roads of Christendom and Islam. The text and illustrations trace the rich and dramatic story from pre-history, through the days when Bulgaria was the centre of a powerful medieval empire and the five centuries of Ottoman rule, to the cultural renaissance of the nineteenth century and the political upheavals of the twentieth, upheavals which led Bulgaria into three wars. This updated edition includes the years from 1995 to 2004, a vital period in which Bulgaria endured financial meltdown, set itself seriously on the road to reform, elected its former King as prime minister, and finally secured membership of NATO and admission to the European Union.
R. J. Crampton is Professor of East European History at the University of Oxford. He has written a number of books on modern Eastern Europe History, including Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century - and After (1996) and The Balkans since the Second World War (2002).
1. The Bulgarian lands from pre-history to the arrival of the Bulgarians; 2. Mediaeval Bulgaria, 681-1393; 3. Ottoman rule in the Bulgarian lands; 4. The national revival and the liberation; 5. The consolidation of the Bulgarian state, 1878-96; 6. Ferdinand's personal rule, 1896-1918; 7. Bulgaria 1918-44; 8. Bulgaria under communist rule, 1944-89; 9. Post-communist Bulgaria.