A Concise History of South India: Issues and Interpretations
By: Noboru Karashima (author)Paperback
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The course of south Indian history from pre-historic times to the contemporary era is a complex narrative with many interpretations. Reflecting recent advances in the study of the region, this volume provides an assessment of the events and socio-cultural development of south India through a comprehensive analysis of its historical trajectory. Investigating the region's states and configurations, this book covers a wide range of topics that include the origins of the early inhabitants, formation of the ancient kingdoms, advancement of agriculture, new religious movements based on bhakti, and consolidation of centralized states in the medieval period. It further explores the growth of industries in relation to the development of East-West maritime trade in the Indian Ocean as well as the wave of Islamicization and the course of commercial relations with various European countries.
The book then goes on to discuss the advent of early-modern state rule, impact of the raiyatwari system introduced by the British, debates about whether the region's economy developed or deteriorated during the eighteenth century, decline of matriliny in Kerala, emergence of the Dravidian Movement, and the intertwining of politics with contemporary popular culture. Well illustrated with maps and images, and incorporating new archaeological evidence and historiography, this volume presents new perspectives on a gamut of issues relating to communities, languages, and cultures of a macro-region that continues to fascinate scholars and readers alike.
Noboru Karashima is Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo, Japan.
Preface ; Prologue: Before Common Era: The Dravidian Issue by Noboru Karashima ; 1: Before Common Era (2): Beginning of South Indian history ; 1.1 Pre-historic cultures by P. Shanmugam ; 1.2 Megalithic burials and graffiti by Y. Subbarayalu ; 1.3 Beginning of South Indian history by Noboru Karashima ; 1.4 Brahmi script and South Indian languages by Y. Subbarayalu ; 2: 1st century BCE to th century: The Satavahanas, the three early Tamil kingdoms, and their successors ; 2.1 The Satavahanas in the Deccan by Y. Subbarayalu ; 2.2 Sangam and post-Sangam literature by Y. Subbarayalu ; 2.3 Early Tamil kingdoms and political organisations by Y. Subbarayalu ; 2.4 Post-Satavahana and post-Sangam polities by Y. Subbarayalu ; 2.5 Religions and religious monuments by Y. Subbarayalu ; 2.6 Roman trade and relation with Southeast Asia by Y. Subbarayalu ; 3: 6th century to 9th century: The new type kingdoms and bhakti ; 3.1 Conflict of the three kingdoms by Noboru Karashima ; 3.2 Kingship and the statecraft by Noboru Karashima ; 3.3 Agrarian development by Noboru Karashima ; 3.4 Capitals and temples by P. Shanmugam ; 3.5 Bhakti movement by Noboru Karashima ; 3.6 Women in South Indian traditional society by R. Mahalakshmi ; 4: 10th century to 12th century: Emergence of a centralized state ; 4.1 The balance of two empires by Noboru Karashima ; 4.2 The Chola state?centralised or segmentary? by Noboru Karashima ; 4.3 Changes in landholding system and society by Noboru Karashima ; 4.4 Maritime trade and merchant activities by Noboru Karashima ; 4.5 States in the Deccan and Kerala by Noboru Karashima ; 4.6 Religions and society by Noboru Karashima ; 4.7 Language and literature by H. Yamashita ; 4.8 Temples and sculptures by R. Mahalakshmi ; 5: 13th and 14th centuries: Period of social change and transition ; 5.1 Fall of old states by Noboru Karashima ; 5.2 Emergence of new jatis and supra-local/community organisations by Noboru Karashima ; 5.3 Mathas, Saivasiddhantism, and Virasaivism by Noboru Karashima ; 6: 15th century to 17th century: Vijayanagar state and the outer world ; 6.1 Vijayanagar and the Sultanates in the Deccan by Noboru Karashima ; 6.2 Vijayanagar state and nayakas by Noboru Karashima ; 6.3 Development of trade and industry by Noboru Karashima ; 6.4 'Hindu Sultan' and religions by Noboru Karashima ; 6.5 Architectures and sculptures by P. Shanmugam ; 6.6 Nayaka states and the emergence of new ethos by Noboru Karashima ; 6.7 Coming of Europeans by N. Ota ; 7: 18th and 19th centuries: The British rule and Indian society (The long 19thcentury) ; 7.1 Regional states ; 7.1.1 Deccan sultanates and the hegemony of the Mughals by N. Ota ; 7.1.2 Successor State: Nizam by K. Yamada ; 7.1.3 Successor State: Mysore by N. Ota ; 7.1.4 Successor State: Tanjore by T. Inoue ; 7.1.5 Successor State: Travancore by T. Awaya ; 7.1.6 Economy and society by N. Ota ; 7.2 Colonisation of South India: East India Companies and the wars ; 7.2.1 Fortune of native powers and Carnatic Wars by N. Ota ; 7.2.2 The rise of Mysore kingdom and Mysore Wars by N. Ota ; 7.3 Incorporation into global economy ; 7.3.1 Development of market economy; Asian and European market relation; Political and economic subordination by T. Mizushima ; 7.4 Colonial formation ; 7.4.1 Mirasidars and colonial land systems by T. Mizushima ; 7.4.2 Colonial administration and education policy in contention by M. Shiga ; 7.5 Responses to colonial formation ; 7.5.1 Landholders in the nineteenth century by T. Mizushima ; 7.5.2 South Indian cotton industry by H. Yanagisawa ; 7.5.3 Changes in agrarian society by H. Yanagisawa ; 7.5.4 Social movements: Tamil Renaissance and new identity by M. Shiga ; 7.5.5 Decline of the matrilineal system in modern Kerala by T. Awaya ; 8: 20th century: Independence and After ; 8.1 Towards Independence: Politics, society, and economy ; 8.1.1 Non-Brahmin movement by M. Shiga ; 8.1.2 Pre-Independence women's movements by Parvathi Menon ; 8.1.3 South Indian economy before the Independence by H. Yanagisawa ; 8.1.4 Devadasi issue by T. Inoue ; 8.1.5 New trends in music by T. Inoue ; 8.2 Independence and after: Politics, society, and economy ; 8.2.1 Language issue and the state by K. Yamada ; 8.2.2 State politics in Tamil Nadu by M. Shiga ; 8.2.3 State politics in Andhra Pradesh by K. Yamada ; 8.2.4 Post-Independence women's movements by Parvathi Menon ; 8.2.5 Industrial growth and agrarian change by H. Yanagisawa ; 8.2.6 Cinema and TV by T. Inoue ; Epilogue: Establishment of National Cuisine and South India by Noboru Karashima ; About the Editor ; Index
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