Complex analysis is a beautiful subject - perhaps the single most beautiful; and striking; in mathematics. It presents completely unforeseen results that are of a dramatic; even magical; nature. This invaluable book will convey to the student its excitement and extraordinary character. The exposition is organized in an especially efficient manner; presenting basic complex analysis in around 130 pages; with about 50 exercises. The material constantly relates to and contrasts with that of its sister subject; real analysis. An unusual feature of this book is a short final chapter containing applications of complex analysis to Lie theory.Since much of the content originated in a one-semester course given at the CUNY Graduate Center; the text will be very suitable for first year graduate students in mathematics who want to learn the basics of this important subject. For advanced undergraduates; there is enough material for a year-long course or; by concentrating on the first three chapters; for one-semester course.