The 19th century brought a decisive shift towards a "modern" form of childhood - one protected from the hazards and responsibilities of adulthood. Families in the West began to expect children to go to school rather than to work, to play in parks and playgrounds rather than to roam the streets, and to be kept healthy under the watchful eye of doctors and nurses. In response to both the demands and the depredations of the Industrial Revolution, the period saw unprecedented state intervention in areas such as education and health care reform.
A Cultural History of Childhood and Family in the Age of Empire presents essays on family relationships, community, economy, geography and the environment, education, life cycle, the state, faith and religion, health and science, and world contexts.
Colin Heywood is Professor of Modern French History at the University of Nottingham. His publications include Childhood in Nineteenth-Century France, A History of Childhood and Growing Up in Modern France.
Introduction Colin Heywood (University of Nottingham, UK) 1 Family Relationships James Marten (University of Milwaukee, USA) 2 Community Marilyn Irvin Holt (independent scholar) 3 Economy Carolyn Tuttle (Lake Forest College, USA) 4 Geography and the Environment Ning de Coninck-Smith (Aarhus University, DENMARK) 5 Education Bengt Sandin (University of Linkoping, SWEDEN) 6 Life Cycle Carl Ipsen (University of Indiana, USA) 7 The State Rachel G. Fuchs (Arizona State University, USA) 8 Faith and Religion Christina de Bellaigue (University of Oxford, UK) 9 Health and Science Richard Meckel (Brown University, USA) 10 World Contexts David M. Pomfret (University of Hong Kong, HONG KONG) Notes Bibliography Contributors Index