A Defense of Utilitarianism
By: C. L. Sheng (author)Paperback
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In Defense of Utilitarianism, C.L. Sheng provides a more intensive study of the Unified Utilitarian Theory (UUT), which he proposed in his previous work A New Approach to Utilitarianism (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991). Sheng defends utilitarianism, particularly UUT, against the objections and attacks raised by nonutilitarians, showing it to be a viable ethical theory.
C.L. Sheng holds a Ph.D. from the University of Edinburgh. He is Professor Emeritus, Tamkang University-Taipei Campus, Taiwan.
Chapter 1 Preface and Acknowledgements Chapter 2 Introduction: The Development of Modern Utilitarianism; Difficulties with Utilitarianism; A Brief Description of the Unifies Utilitarian Theory; The Purpose and Scope of this Book Chapter 3 Concepts about Utility: Unification and Clarification of the Concepts of Utility; Definitions of Utility and Happiness; A Utilitarian General Theory of Value Utility as a Universal Measure Chapter 4 The Principle of Utility and the Flexible Nature of Morality: The Principle of Utility and Other Basic Principles; Problems with the Principle of Utility; Schism in Utilitarianism- the Good and the Right; A Classification of Situations of Moral Acti Chapter 5 Value Pluralism and End Monism: Intrinsic Value and Instrumental Value; On Argument from Regret; Value Pluralism Based on Nonreplaceability; End Monism and Principle Monism Chapter 6 A Decision-Theoretic Approach to Utilitarianism: Decision-Making and Its Applications; Decision-Making and Rationality; Feeling of Moral Satisfaction in Moral Decision-Making; A Mathematical Model of Moral Decision-Making Chapter 7 Moral Values and Their Quantitative Analysis: Moral Values; Value of the Consequences of a Moral Action; Value of the Feeling of Moral Satisfaction; Value of a Moral Action; Simplification of Utility Calculation Chapter 8 Societal Value: The Significance of Societal Value; Reasons for Adopting Societal Value; Determination of Societal Value; Moral Prescription and Moral Decision-Making; Quantitative Treatment of Societal Value and Coefficient of Morality Chapter 9 The Person-Centered Prerogative: Hard Line Utilitarianism and Soft Line Utilitarianism; Personal Actions versus Public Actions; Positive Duties versus Negative Duties; Positive Duties versus Charitable Actions; Moral Irrelevance; The Reference State Chapter 10 Refutation of Objections to Utilitarianism: A Rationale of Objections to Utilitarianism; Some Severe Counter-Examples Against Utilitarianism and My Responses to Them; Interpretation of Some Problems as Accidents; Preference of a State versus Change Chapter 11 Utilitarianism Bridges the Is/Ought Gap: The Is/Ought Gap, Naturalism, and Utilitarianism; The Teleological Nature of Human Beings; Rational Choice in Taking Nonmoral Actions; Extension from Nonmoral Actions to Moral Action; Explanation of Helevy's Chapter 12 UUT is a Viable Ethical Theory: The Crucial Difference among Various Ethical Theories; On the Strictness of Moral Rules; The Weaknesses of Rule-Utilitarianism; Differences Between UUT and Harsanyi's Rule-Utilitarianism; UUT is a Viable Ethical Theor Chapter 13 Bibliography Chapter 14 About the Author Chapter 15 Index
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- ID: 9780761827313
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