A European Memory?: Contested Histories and Politics of Remembrance (Studies in Contemporary European History 6)
By: Bo Strath (editor), Malgorzata Pakier (editor)Paperback
As the most comprehensive scholarly venture to use the memory concept for a broad assessment of the dark legacies of Nazism, Communism, and World War II for a common European identity, the volume has no equal. It overwhelms the reader with a plethora of both new and well established information and reflection...The overall direction coincides with the current trend towards internationalization of national histories. It can be considered a strong contribution to this important and worthwhile trend. Frank Trommler, University of Pennsylvania An examination of the role of history and memory is vital in order to better understand why the grand design of a United Europe-with a common foreign policy and market yet enough diversity to allow for cultural and social differences-was overwhelmingly turned down by its citizens. The authors argue that this rejection of the European constitution was to a certain extent a challenge to the current historical grounding used for further integration and further demonstrates the lack of understanding by European bureaucrats of the historical complexity and divisiveness of Europe's past.
A critical European history is therefore urgently needed to confront and re-imagine Europe, not as a harmonious continent but as the outcome of violent and bloody conflicts, both within Europe as well as with its Others. As the authors show, these dark shadows of Europe's past must be integrated, and the fact that memories of Europe are contested must be accepted if any new attempts at a United Europe are to be successful. Malgorzata Pakier is Assistant Professor at the Institute of Sociology, Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities, and is also active in planning the Museum of the History of Polish Jews. She received her PhD from the European University Institute in Florence, Department of History and Civilization. Her research interests include the media of memory, especially film, museum, and city spaces, and Holocaust memory and representation. Bo Strath was Professor of Contemporary History at the European University Institute in Florence (1997-2007) and is currently Academy of Finland Distinguished Professor of Nordic, European and World History at Helsinki University.
His research concentrates on questions of modernity and the use of history in a European and global perspective.
Malgorzata Pakier has recently received a PhD from the European University Institute in Florence, Department of History and Civilization. She has published articles in Polish and English on discourses and images of the Holocaust in popular culture and film. Bo Strath was Professor of Contemporary History at the European University Institute in Florence (1997 - 2007) and is currently Academy of Finland Distinguished Professor of Nordic, European and World History at Helsinki University. His research concentrates on questions of modernity and the use of history in a European and global perspective.
List of Illustrations Acknowledgements Notes on Contributors Introduction: A European Memory? Malgorzata Pakier and Bo Strath Part I. Europe, Memory, Politics, and History. Uneasy Relationships Chapter 1. On 'European Memory': Some Conceptual and Normative Remarks Jan - Werner Muller Chapter 2. The Uses of History and the Third Wave of Europeanization Klas-Goran Karlsson Chapter 3. Halecki Revisited: Europe's Conflicting Cultures of Remembrance Stefan Troebst Chapter 4. Iconic Remembering and Religious Icons: Fundamentalist Strategies in European Memory Politics? Wolfgang Kaschuba Chapter 5. Culture, Politics, Palimpsest. Theses on Memory and Society Heidemarie Uhl Chapter 6. Damnatio Memoriae and the Power of Remembrance. Reflections on Memory and History Frederick Whitling Chapter 7. Seeing Dark and Writing Light: Photography Approaching Dark and Obscure Histories James Kaye Part II. Remembering Europe's Dark Pasts Section 1. Remembering the Second World War: Chapter 8. Remembering the Second World War in Western Europe 1945 - 2005 Stefan Berger Chapter 9. Practices and Politics of Second World War Remembrance. (Trans-)National Perspectives from Eastern and South-eastern Europe Heike Karge Chapter 10. A Victory Celebrated. Danish and Norwegian Celebrations of the Liberation Clemens Maier Section 2. Towards a Europeanization of the Commemoration of the Holocaust: Chapter 11. Remembering Europe's Heart of Darkness - Legacies of the Holocaust in Post-war European Societies Cecilie Felicia Stokholm Banke Chapter 12. Holocaust Remembrance and Restitution of Jewish Property in the Czech Republic and Poland after 1989 Stanislaw Tyszka Chapter 13. A Europeanization of the Holocaust Memory? German and Polish Reception of Europa, Europa (1990) by Agnieszka Holland Malgorzata Pakier Chapter 14. Italian Commemoration of the Shoah. The Construction of a Survivor-oriented Narrative and its Impact on Italian Politics and Practices of Remembrance Ruth Nattermann Section 3. Coming to Terms with Europe's Communist Past: Chapter 15. Managing the History of the Past in the Former Communist States Arfon Rees Chapter 16. Eurocommunism. Commemorating Communism in Contemporary Eastern Europe Peter Apor Chapter 17. The Memory of the Dead Body Senadin Musabegovic Chapter 18. Neither Help nor Pardon? Communist Pasts in Western Europe Kevin Morgan Section 4. Coming to Terms with Europe's Colonial Past: Chapter 19. Politics of Remembrance, Colonialism, and the Algerian War in France Jan Jansen Chapter 20. Memory Politics and the Use of History: Finnish-speaking Minorities at the North Calotte Lars Elenius Conclusion: Nightmares or Daydreams? A Postscript on the Europeanization of Memories Konrad H. Jarausch Bibliography
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