This book tackles the historical encounter between madness and space in two interwoven ways. Conceptually, it offers a critical revisiting of Foucault's famous 1961 text translated as Madness and Civilization. Empirically, it offers a sustained inquiry into the changing geography of the places and spaces associated with madness in England and Wales from Medieval times to the 1860s. It traces the emergence of an exclusionary impulse seeking to remove those designated as 'mad' from the midst of everyday society, and it also maps out the many different sites and institutions that have confined, sheltered, treated and even cured madness over the centuries. From the places of hermit-saints to the spaces of the public county lunatic asylum, attention is paid to the discourses and practices that have created a succession of muddled, overlain and often disputed 'landscapes of lunacy'. From the seclusion of the remotest countryside to the bustle of the most congested city, reference is made to the many different types of environment that have been the setting for receptacles receiving early mental patients. Readers can follow the broad historical sweep of the narrative, or they can dip into
Chris Philo has been Professor of Geography at the University of Glasgow since 1995. His major research is on the historical geography of madness and asylums, but he has also studied the 'post-asylum geographies' associated with deinstitutionalization.
List of Illustrations; List of Figures; List of Tables; Preface and Acknowledgements; Commendatory Preface; 1. Introduction: history, geography, madness; 2. 'The complex picture in time and space': putting geography into histories of madhouses, mad-doctors and mad people; 3. Highways, hermits, hospitals and huts: the 'chaotic spaces' of madness from the Dark Ages to the Restoration; 4. 'Taken to secure places': madness in gaols, houses of correction, poorhouses and workhouses; 5. 'Scenes of distress hid in obscure corners': the opportunistic geographies of the private madhouse system; 6. 'To build a house for fools and mad': the location and relocation of charitable lunatic hospitals; 7. "Proper places provided and institutions established': compromise and conflict in the spaces of the public asylum system; 8. Conclusion: spaces of madness between 'the dust' and 'the clouds'; Index