In this comprehensive new reference work, the editors have brought together an unrivalled group of distinguished scholars and practitioners to comment on the historical and contemporary role of industrial districts (IDs). This handbook is uniquely positioned to shed light on the role of global and local forces and how they increasingly interact to shape the welfare of societies and the economic performance of firms and places. It illustrates that IDs are a clear expression of local societies finding their 'place' in the national and international division of labour, and through the constitution and elaboration of productive specialisations congenial to the attitudes and the preferences of their people. Ultimately, the handbook represents the main strands of a wide-ranging, decades-long debate on the nature of IDs: what they represented in the past, the changes they are currently undergoing, and the future challenges and opportunities they will face in an increasingly global economy.
Including conceptual, critical and forward-looking contributions, as well as case studies from Asia, Latin America, Europe and the US, this handbook will prove an invaluable resource for academics, students and policymakers focusing on industrial districts, local production systems and innovation. It will also appeal to those interested in the local drivers of competitiveness and related public policies.
Contents: INTRODUCTION Critical Nodes and Contemporary Reflections on Industrial Districts: An Introduction G. Becattini, M. Bellandi and L. De Propris PART I: ORIGIN AND THEORIES OF INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS 1. EARLY INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS Introduction by A. Guenzi 1. The Genesis of a Hybrid. Early Industrial Districts between Craft Culture and Factory Training C.M. Belfanti 2. Flexibility and Adaptation in the Formation of Three Italian Industrial Districts C. Maitte 3. Apprenticeship and Technical Schools in the Formation of Industrial Districts E. Merlo 4. The Emergence and Development of Industrial Districts in Industrialising England, 1750-1914 A. Popp and J.F. Wilson 5. Industrial Districts and Large Firms: The Stubborn Persistence of a 'Weak' Productive Model A. Colli 2. FROM THE ENGLISH ROOTS TO THE ITALIAN REVIVAL Introduction by T. Raffaelli 6. Forerunners of Marshall on the Industrial Districts P.D. Groenewegen 7. Industrial Districts in Marshall's Economics B.J. Loasby 8. External and Internal Economies N. Hart 9. The Italian Revival of Industrial Districts and the Foundations of Political Economy R. Bianchi 10. The Italian Revival of Industrial Districts and the Foundations of Industrial Policy A. Natali and M. Russo 3. A MEETING GROUND FOR THE SOCIAL SCIENCES Introduction by C. Trigilia 11. The Marshallian Industrial District and Current Trends in Economic Theory M. Dardi 12. The Economics of Context, Location and Trade: Another Great Transformation? M. Storper 13. Flow-fund Model, Decomposability of the Production Process and the Structure of Industrial Districts P. Tani 14. Clusters and Industrial Districts: Common Roots, Different Perspectives M. Porter and C. Ketels PART II: THE NATURE OF INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS 4. SOCIO-CULTURAL AND INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS Introduction by P. Giovannini 15. The Industrial District as a Local Evolutionary Phenomenon M. Mistri 16. Semi-automatic and Deliberate Actions in the Evolution of Industrial Districts G. Dei Ottati 17. The Governance of Industrial Districts A. Bagnasco 18. The New Argonauts, Global Search and Local Institution Building A.L. Saxenian and C. Sabel 19. Web of Rules in the Labour Markets of Industrial Districts J. Saglio 5. KNOWLEDGE, LEARNING AND CREATIVITY Introduction by L. Lazzeretti 20. Conceptualising the Dynamics of Industrial Districts M. Piore 21. Innovation Processes and Industrial Districts P. Robertson, D. Jacobson and R. Langlois 22. The Creative Capacity of Culture and the New Creative Milieu L. Lazzeretti 23. Technology Clusters, Industrial Districts and Regional Innovation Systems P. Cooke 24. Culture as a Productive Resource, International Networks and Local Development O. Crevoisier and L. Kebir PART III: EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATIONS ON INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS 6. EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE Introduction by F. Sforzi 25. The Empirical Evidence of Industrial District in Italy F. Sforzi 26. The Empirical Evidence of Industrial Districts in Spain R. Boix 27. The Empirical Evidence of Industrial Districts in Great Britain L. De Propris 28. Measuring the 'District Effect' G. de Blasio, M. Omiccioli and L. F. Signorini 29. Measuring the Internationalisation of Industrial Districts S. Menghinello 7. THE ITALIAN EXPERIENCES Introduction by M. Dunford 30. Sectors of Excellence in the Italian Industrial Districts M. Fortis and M. Carminati 31. Regional Peculiarities in Italian Industrial Districts F. Musotti 32. Medium-sized Firms, Groups and Industrial Districts: An Italian Perspective F. Coltorti 33. Knowledge Dynamics in the Evolution of Italian Industrial Districts F. Belussi 34. Banking Localism and Industrial Districts P. Alessandrini and A. Zazzaro 8. THE EXPERIENCES IN OTHER INDUSTRIALISED COUNTRIES Introduction by G. Dei Ottati 35. Industrial districts in Europe G. Garofoli 36. Industrial Districts and the Governance of Local Economies: The French Example G. Benko and B. Pecqueur 37. Industrial Districts in Spain J.A. Ybarra 38. Industrial Districts in Scandinavia B. Johannisson 39. Industrial Districts in Japan Y. Okamoto 40. The University Research-centric District in the United States M. Kenney and D. Patton 9. THE EXPERIENCES IN EMERGING AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Introduction by W. Sengenberger 41. The Industrial District Model: Relevance for Developing Countries in the Context of Globalisation A.C. Posthuma 42. Industrial Districts in Latin America: The Role of Local Learning for Endogenous Development M.D. Parrilli and R. Garcia 43. Trajectories and Prospects of Industrial Districts in China J. Wang and L. Mei 44. The Complexity of Upgrading Industrial Districts: Insights from the Diesel Engine Industry of Ludhiana (India) M. Tewari 45. The Scope of Industrial Districts in the Third World W. Sengenberger PART IV: GLOBALISATION AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS 10. GLOBAL CHALLENGES Introduction by E. Rullani 46. Massachusetts High Tech: A 'Manufactory of Species M. Best 47. Industrial Districts, Sectoral Clusters and Global Competition in the Precious Jewellery Industry F. Pyke 48. The Internationalisation of Production Activities of Italian Industrial Districts G. Tattara 49. Lessons from Industrial Districts for Historically Fordist Regions J. Whitford 11. PUBLIC POLICIES AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Introduction by G. Solinas 50. External Economies, Specific Public Goods and Policies M. Bellandi 51. National Industrial Policies and the Development of Industrial Districts: Reflections on the Spanish Case J. Trullen 52. Public Policies for Industrial Districts and Clusters M. Landabaso and S. Rosenfeld 53. The Industrial District Model in the Development Strategy of International Organisations: The Example of UNIDO G. Ceglie and A. Stancher
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