In this comprehensive original reference work, the editors have brought together an unrivalled group of distinguished scholars and practitioners to comment on the historical and contemporary role of industrial districts (IDs). This Handbook is uniquely positioned to shed light on the role of global and local forces and how they increasingly interact to shape the welfare of societies and the economic performance of firms and places. It illustrates that IDs are a clear expression of local societies finding their 'place' in the national and international division of labour, and through the constitution and elaboration of productive specialisations congenial to the attitudes and the preferences of their people. Ultimately, the Handbook represents the main strands of a wide-ranging, decades-long debate on the nature of IDs: what they represented in the past, the changes they are currently undergoing, and the future challenges and opportunities they will face in an increasingly global economy.
Including conceptual, critical and forward-looking contributions, as well as case studies from Asia, Latin America, Europe and the US, this Handbook will prove an invaluable resource for academics, students and policymakers focusing on industrial districts, local production systems and innovation. It will also appeal to those interested in the local drivers of competitiveness and related public policies.
Contents: Critical Nodes and Contemporary Reflections on Industrial Districts: An Introduction Giacomo Becattini, Marco Bellandi and Lisa De Propris PART I: ORIGIN AND THEORIES OF INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS SECTION 1. EARLY INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS Introduction by Alberto Guenzi 1. The Genesis of a Hybrid: Early Industrial Districts between Craft Culture and Factory Training Carlo Marco Belfanti 2. Flexibility and Adaptation in the Formation of Three Italian Industrial Districts Corine Maitte 3. Apprenticeship and Technical Schools in the Formation of Industrial Districts Elisabetta Merlo 4. The Emergence and Development of Industrial Districts in Industrialising England, 1750-1914 Andrew Popp and John F. Wilson 5. Industrial Districts and Large Firms: The Stubborn Persistence of a 'Weak' Productive Model Andrea Colli SECTION 2. FROM THE ENGLISH ROOTS TO THE ITALIAN REVIVAL Introduction by Tiziano Raffaelli 6. Forerunners of Marshall on the Industrial Districts Peter Groenewegen 7. Industrial Districts in Marshall's Economics Brian J. Loasby 8. External and Internal Economies Neil Hart 9. The Italian Revival of Industrial Districts and the Foundations of Political Economy Renzo Bianchi 10. The Italian Revival of Industrial Districts and the Foundations of Industrial Policy Anna Natali and Margherita Russo SECTION 3. A MEETING GROUND FOR THE SOCIAL SCIENCES Introduction by Carlo Trigilia 11. The Marshallian Industrial Districts and Current Trends in Economic Theory Marco Dardi 12. The Economics of Context, Location and Trade: Another Great Transformation? Michael Storper 13. Flow-fund Model, Decomposability of the Production Process and the Structure of an Industrial District Piero Tani 14. Clusters and Industrial Districts: Common Roots, Different Perspectives Michael Porter and Christian Ketels PART II: THE NATURE OF INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS SECTION 4. SOCIO-CULTURAL AND INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS Introduction by Paolo Giovannini 15. The Industrial District as a Local Evolutionary Phenomenon Maurizio Mistri 16. Semi-automatic and Deliberate Actions in the Evolution of Industrial Districts Gabi Dei Ottati 17. The Governance of Industrial Districts Arnaldo Bagnasco 18. The New Argonauts, Global Search and Local Institution Building AnnaLee Saxenian and Charles Sabel 19. Web of Rules in Industrial Districts' Labour Markets Jean Saglio SECTION 5. KNOWLEDGE, LEARNING AND CREATIVITY Introduction by Luciana Lazzeretti 20. Conceptualizing the Dynamics of Industrial Districts Michael J. Piore 21. Innovation Processes and Industrial Districts Paul L. Robertson, David Jacobson and Richard N. Langlois 22. The Creative Capacity of Culture and the New Creative Milieu Luciana Lazzeretti 23. Technology Clusters, Industrial Districts and Regional Innovation Systems Philip Cooke 24. Culture as a Productive Resource, International Networks and Local Development Olivier Crevoisier and Leila Kebir PART III: EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATIONS ON INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS SECTION 6. EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE Introduction by Fabio Sforzi 25. The Empirical Evidence of Industrial Districts in Italy Fabio Sforzi 26. The Empirical Evidence of Industrial Districts in Spain Rafael Boix 27. The Empirical Evidence of Industrial Districts in Great Britain Lisa De Propris 28. Measuring the District Effect Guido de Blasio, Massimo Omiccioli and Luigi Federico Signorini 29. Measuring the Internationalisation of Industrial Districts Stefano Menghinello SECTION 7. THE ITALIAN EXPERIENCES Introduction by Michael Dunford 30. Sectors of Excellence in the Italian Industrial Districts Marco Fortis and Monica Carminati 31. Regional Peculiarities in Italian Industrial Districts Francesco Musotti 32. Medium-sized Firms, Groups and Industrial Districts: An Italian Perspective Fulvio Coltorti 33. Knowledge Dynamics in the Evolution of Italian Industrial Districts Fiorenzo Belussi 34. Bank's Localism and Industrial Districts Pietro Alessandrini and Alberto Zazzaro SECTION 8. THE EXPERIENCES IN OTHER INDUSTRIALISED COUNTRIES Introduction by Gabi Dei Ottati 35. Industrial Districts in Europe Gioacchino Garofoli 36. Industrial Districts and the Governance of Local Economies: The French Example Georges Benko and Bernard Pecqueur 37. Industrial Districts in Spain Josep-Antoni Ybarra 38. Industrial Districts in Scandinavia Bengt Johannisson 39. Industrial Districts in Japan Yoshiyuki Okamoto 40. The University Research-Centric District in the United States Donald Patton and Martin Kenney SECTION 9. THE EXPERIENCES IN EMERGING AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Introduction by Werner Sengenberger 41. The Industrial District Model: Relevance for Developing Countries in the Context of Globalisation Anne Caroline Posthuma 42. Industrial Districts in Latin America: The Role of Local Learning for Endogenous Development Mario Davide Parrilli and Renato Garcia 43. Trajectories and Prospects of Industrial Districts in China Jici Wang and Lixia Mei 44. The Complexity of Upgrading Industrial Districts: Insights from the Diesel Engine Industry of Ludhiana (India) Meenu Tewari 45. The Scope of Industrial Districts in the Third World Werner Sengenberger PART IV: GLOBALISATION AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS SECTION 10. GLOBAL CHALLENGES Introduction by Enzo Rullani 46. Massachusetts High Tech: A 'Manufactory of Species' Michael H. Best 47. Industrial Districts, Sectoral Clusters and Global Competition in the Precious Jewellery Industry Frank Pyke 48. The Internationalisation of Production Activities of Italian Industrial Districts Giuseppe Tattara 49. Lessons from Industrial Districts for Historically Fordist Regions Josh Whitford SECTION 11. PUBLIC POLICIES AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Introduction by Giovanni Solinas 50. External Economies, Specific Public Goods and Policies Marco Bellandi 51. National Industrial Policies and the Development of Industrial Districts: Reflections on the Spanish Case Joan Trullen 52. Public Policies for Industrial Districts and Clusters Mikel Landabaso and Stuart Rosenfeld 53. The Industrial District Model in the Development Strategy of International Organizations: The Example of UNIDO Giovanna Ceglie and Anna Stancher Bibliography Index
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