This is an important, comprehensive, creative, eloquent, sobering, inspiring, minatory and uplifting, disturbing and compelling book that makes clear how systematic, intentional and long-lived was the white racism that governed the participation of blacks in the U.S. Military during the first two-hundred years of our nation's history. Despite the enduring effects of racism, African Americans have consistently been proud and willing participants in all wars fought by this country. In the majority of those conflicts, the primary motivating factor in engaging the enemies of this nation was the preservation of freedom and democracy. From the American War for Independence onward, African Americans actively sought to join their fellow compatriots in theatres of war whether on native soil or thousands of miles away. The United States military, however, has not always welcomed full African American participation. Sometimes, only the prospect of catastrophic defeat made their presence palatable to whites in charge.
Such reluctance stemmed from deeply engrained notions held by many that people of African descent were inherently inferior to whites and were more suited to be servants and laborers than they were to be soldiers and sailors. This two book set examines the African American struggle to become full-fledged combatants and the segregationist polices that hindered their advancement from the Revolutionary War to the Korean War.
FOREWORD; ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS; INTRODUCTION; The Construction of the Myth of Inferiority; Icons of Oppression and Democracy: Jim Crow and Uncle Sam; CHAPTER ONE: The War for Independence; Crispus Attucks; Peter Salem and Salem Poor; The Restriction of African American Soldiers; The Ethiopian Regiment; "Colonel" Tye; Prince Whipple, Oliver Cromwell, and the Continental Army; The 1st Rhode Island Regiment; Thomas Carney and Ned Griffen and the Battle of Guilford; Courthouse; CHAPTER TWO: The War of 1812 and the Enslaved Freedom; Fighters; Defending the Great Lakes; Joseph Savary and the Battle of New Orleans; Slave Wars for Independence; AND MORE.