A History of British Livestock Husbandry, to 1700
By: Robert Trow-Smith (author)Hardback
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First Published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
CONTENTS PREFACE ix 1. PREHISTORIC AND ROMAN BRITAIN 1 Neolithic pastoralists and their stock; origins of the first domesticated oxen; neolithic pastoral methods, the Bronze Age and the rise of sheep; origins of British prehistoric sheep; the Celtic shorthorn; the Bronze Age ranches, the domesticated horse; the pre-Roman and Romano-British Iron Age; the Roman sheep farms, the Ramano-British horse; facts and guesses 2. SAXON SETTLEMENT AND DOMESDAY SURVEY 43 The pre-Conquest evidence; Saxon literary and legal sources; pig husbandry; Saxon cattle and their uses; sheep and milk production; the problem of the Saxon horse; Domesday and other surveys; the plow team and the cow; the eleventh century sheep population; the pig and woodland pannage; wild and tame horses in Domesday; eleventh century livestock breeds 3. LIVESTOCK FARMING IN THE LATER MIDDLE AGES 87 Method of treatment; the twelfth century; the livestock of the peasantry; growth of markets and of production for sale; mobility of mediaeval livestock; the housing of stock; mediaeval livestock feeding; milk yields of cows and ewes; the economy of the demesne farm; mediaeval stock mortality rates 4. MEDIAEVAL SHEEP HUSBANDRY 131 Importance of the sheep industry; growth of the European mediaeval wool trade; sheep population of Britain; economic organization upon the great estates; Welsh and Scottish sheep farming; peasant and yeoman flocks; policy of flock management; flock fecundity and culling; infections and infestations of the sheep; feeding the mediaeval sheep; breeds and wool types; the yield of wool; shearing and wool storage; the profits from sheep 5. THE LIVESTOCK TOPOGRAPHY OF TUDOR AND STUART BRITAIN 172 Topographical sources; southwest England; the South Country; Berkshire; Sussex and Kent; Essex; Norfolk and Suffolk; pig husbandry; the Fens and Lincolnshire; Dutch cattle imports; the Midland Counties; the West Midlands; Cheshire; the North Midlands; Wales and the rise of droving; Lancashire and the North; Scottish droving; types of Scottish livestock; Irish imports; regional livestock types; the livestock population of Britain 6. THE TECHNIQUES OF THE SIXTEENTH AND SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES 234 Cattle; milk yields; beef production; sheep; the wool clip; policy of flock management; sheep diseases and pests; pig husbandry; agricultural and other horses; the new forage crops LIST OF PRINCIPAL SOURCES 259 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 272 INDEX 273
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