The relationship between the Christian and Muslim worlds has been a long and tortuous one. Over the course of the centuries the balance of power has swung in pendulum fashion-at times the initiative seems to have lain with the Muslim community, with the Christian world simply being compelled to react to developments outside itself, while at other points the opposite has been true and Muslims have found themselves having to respond to Christian challenges in different forms. Today Christians and Muslims comprise the world's two largest religious communities. Although they can coexist fairly peacefully, at times they still engage in violent confrontation, such as in the recent conflicts in Bosnia and the Sudan. This book investigates the history of the relationships between Christians and Muslims over the centuries, from their initial encounters in the medieval period, when the Muslims were the dominant group, through to the modern period, when the balance of power seems to have been reversed.
This much-needed overview of the Christian-Muslim encounter places the emphasis on the context within which perceptions and attitudes were worked out and provides a depth of historical insight to the complexities of current Christian-Muslim interactions on different continents.
Hugh Goddard is reader in Islamic theology at the University of Nottingham and author of Christians and Muslims: From Double Standards to Mutual Understanding and Muslim Perceptions of Christianity.
Part 1 Preface vii Part 2 Note on Transliteration and Dates viii Part 3 Chronology ix Part 4 Map 1: The Christian and Muslim Worlds c. 830/215 51 Part 5 Map 2: The Christian and Muslim Worlds Today 178-9 Part 6 Introduction 1 Part 7 The Christian Background to the Coming of Islam 5 Chapter 8 Early Christian Thinking about Other Religions 5 Chapter 9 The History of the Christian Church in the Middle East 11 Part 10 The Islamic Impact 19 Chapter 11 Muhammad's Contacts with Christians 19 Chapter 12 The Qur'an's View of Christians 24 Chapter 13 Precedents for Muslim Treatment of Christians 29 Part 14 The First Age of Christian-Muslim Interactions (-c. 830/215) 34 Chapter 15 Christain Reponses to the Coming of Islam 34 Chapter 16 Muslim Treatment of Christians I 41 Part 17 The Medieval Period I: Confrontation or Interaction in the East? 50 Chapter 18 Contacts and Exchanges 50 Chapter 19 Developing Mutual Perceptions 56 Chapter 20 Muslim Treatment of Christians II 66 Chapter 21 Conversion to Islam 68 Part 22 The Medieval Period II: Confrontation or Interaction in the West? 79 Chapter 23 Western Christian Reactions to the Coming of Islam 79 Chapter 24 The Crusades 84 Chapter 25 Alternative Perceptions of Islam 92 Chapter 26 The Transmission of Knowledge from the Islamic World to the West 96 Part 27 The Changing Balance of Power: Mission and Imperialism? 109 Chapter 28 The Growth of European Power 109 Chapter 29 The Establishment of Christian Missions 113 Chapter 30 The Heyday of European Influence 123 Chapter 31 Muslim Responses 127 Part 32 New Thinking in the 19th/13th and 20th/14th Centuries 142 Chapter 33 The Growth of Western Academic Study of Islam 142 Chapter 34 Changing Christian Thinking about Islam 149 Chapter 35 Changing Muslim Thinking about Christianity 158 Part 36 Dialogue or Confrontation? 177 Chapter 37 The Dialogue Movement 177 Chapter 38 The Political Context 186 Chapter 39 Fellow-Pilgrims? 188 Part 40 Bibliography 199 Part 41 Index 201