Morocco is notable for its stable and durable monarchy, its close ties with the West, its vibrant cultural life and its centrality to regional politics. This book, by distinguished historian Susan Gilson Miller, offers a richly documented survey of modern Moroccan history. Arguing that pragmatism rather than ideology has shaped the monarchy's response to crisis, the book begins with the French invasion of Algeria in 1830 and Morocco's abortive efforts at reform, the duel with colonial powers and the loss of independence in 1912, the burdens and benefits of France's forty-four year dominion and the stunning success of the nationalist movement leading to independence in 1956. In the post-independence era, the book traces the monarchy's gradual monopolization of power and the resulting political paralysis, with a postscript bringing events up to 2012. This concise, readable book will inform and enthral students and all those searching for the background to present-day events in the region.
Susan Gilson Miller is a Professor in the History Department at the University of California, Davis. Her research interests focus on Islamic urbanism, travel and migration, minorities in the Muslim world and the historiography of colonialism and nationalism, with a special emphasis on North Africa. Her most recent publications are The Architecture and Memory of the Minority Quarter of the Muslim Mediterranean City (2010) and Berbers and Others: Beyond Tribe and Nation in the Maghrib (2010).
1. The closing of the era of Jihad (1830-60); 2. Facing the challenges of reform (1860-1994); 3. The passing of the old Makhzan (1894-1912); 4. France and Spain in Morocco (1912-30); 5. Framing the nation (1930-61); 6. The first age of Hassan II: the iron fist (1961-75); 7. The second age of Hassan II: the velvet glove (1975-99); 8. Summation: in search of a new equilibrium; 9. Postscript: the long decade of Muhammad VI (2000-11).