Eric Shiraev provides a fresh, accessible, and global approach to teaching about the history of psychology. Each chapter in A History of Psychology provides a thorough and global view of psychology's interaction with culture and society in different periods beginning in the ancient times and stretching through the Middle Ages and the modern period to the current millennium. Without reducing the discussion of both contemporary and classic themes and theories, this textbook endorses a more diversified, inclusive approach to psychological knowledge. Constant connections between past and present, a clear and engaging style, along with plentiful examples, visual aids, and critical-thinking questions make this an enjoyable text for students.
Each chapter begins with a highly engaging vignette or opening case, which features a familiar-to-most-students theme or topic.
Global and multicultural emphasis examines the development of psychology from around the world.
The text examines contemporary psychology yet does not give short shrift to the roots of psychology.
Each chapter contains a section on the impact of psychology on society as well as societal influences on the discipline which includes its influence in various fields such as medicine, education, work, criminal justice, business, advertising, and entertainment.
Case In Point boxes give students the opportunity to come to their own conclusions about issues and think critically about biases that may have influenced psychology.
Carefully designed chapter opening timelines place main events, names, and theories in a visual, chronological perspective of psychology's past and present
In their own words boxes display quotes made by famous psychologists and other scholars about psychological research and its applications
Checkpoints, chapter summaries and end-of-chapter key terms help students review and prepare for exams
Eric B. Shiraev is a professor and researcher at George Mason University. He received his PhD in political psychology from St Petersburg University, Russia, and completed a post-doctoral program at University of California, Los Angeles. He has extensive teaching and research experience at a number of distinguished universities both in the United States and abroad. Shiraev is the author, co-author, and/or co-editor of fourteen books and numerous publications in the fields of cross-cultural psychology, political psychology, and comparative studies. In addition to his teaching and scholarly pursuits, he also writes opinion essays for think-tanks, nongovernment organizations, and the media. Shiraev's research interests include: history of science, comparative history of psychology, cross-cultural psychology, historical theories of abnormal behavior, political psychology, folk beliefs, scientific foundations of spirituality, and psychology of social adjustment and immigration.
Preface About the Author 1. Understanding Psychology's History Prologue Four Types of Knowledge in Psychology Society and Psychology's History Historiography of Psychology Understanding the History of Psychology Conclusion Summary Key Terms 2. Early Psychological Knowledge Psychological Knowledge at the Beginning of Human Civilization Psychological Knowledge in the Civilization of the Greeks Psychological Knowledge in India and China: An Introduction to Non-Western Tradition in Psychology Psychological Knowledge at the Turn of the First Millennium Further Development of Knowledge in the High Middle Ages (1000-1300s) Assessments Conclusion Summary Key Terms 3. Psychology During Mid-Millenium Transitions Transitions From the Late 15th to the End of the 18th Century Psychology in Mid-Millennium: What People Knew The Impact of Scholars and Their Theories French Materialism and Enlightenment Assessments Conclusion Summary Key Terms 4. Psychology in the Laboratory Transitions of the 19th Century Physiology and Philosophy: Two Academic Schools Early Measurements in Psychology First Psychological Laboratories In the Laboratory: Psychology in Search for Own Identity Assessments Conclusion Summary Key Terms 5. Psychology and the Mass Society at the Beginning of the 20th Century The Social and Cultural Landscape Advances in Natural and Social Sciences and Their Impact on Psychology Psychology as a Scientific Discipline Functionalism: Connecting the Individual and the Social Environment Evolutionary Ideas in Psychology New Fields of Psychology Assessments Conclusion Summary Key Terms 6. Clinical Research and Psychology at the End of the 19th and Beginning of the 20th Century What People Knew About Mental Illness Social Climate and Psychopathology Understanding Mental Illness Early Attempts at Treatment Assessments Conclusion Summary Key Terms 7. The Birth and Development of the Behaviorist Tradition The Social Landscape: The Right Time for Behaviorism? Animal Psychology Studies of Reflexes The Behaviorism of John Watson Assessments Conclusion Summary Key Terms 8. The Birth and Development of Psychoanalysis The Social and Scientific Landscape Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis Early Transitions of Psychoanalysis: Alfred Adler Early Transitions of Psychoanalysis: Carl Jung Assessments Conclusion Summary Key Terms 9. The Paths of Gestalt Psychology The Social Landscape After the Great War Principles of Gestalt Psychology Advancements of Gestalt Theory Assessments Conclusion Summary Key Terms 10. Theoretical and Applied Psychology After the Great War Society and Psychology Psychological Testing Psychology of Development and Cognition Personality Theories Early Social Psychology Assessments Conclusion Summary Key Terms 11. Behaviorism and Psychoanalysis in the Mid-20th Century Further Development of Behaviorism A Winding Road of Psychoanalysis Assessment of Behaviorism and Psychoanalysis Conclusion Summary Key Terms 12. Humanistic and Cognitive Psychology The Social Landscape Humanistic Psychology Cognitive Psychology Conclusion Summary Key Terms 13. Focusing on Contemporary Issues Lesson 1. Psychology Continues to Address Its "Traditional Themes" Lesson 2. Psychology Welcomes Interdisciplinary Science Lesson 3. Psychology Did Not Abandon Its Established Traditions Lesson 4. Psychology Can Correct Its Past Mistakes Lesson 5. Psychology Remains a Progressive Science Summary Key Terms References Glossary Figure and Photo Credits Author Index Subject Index