This is a comprehensive, authoritative and innovative account of Pythagoras and Pythagoreanism, one of the most enigmatic and influential philosophies in the West. In twenty-one chapters covering a timespan from the sixth century BC to the seventeenth century AD, leading scholars construct a number of different images of Pythagoras and his community, assessing current scholarship and offering new answers to central problems. Chapters are devoted to the early Pythagoreans, and the full breadth of Pythagorean thought is explored including politics, religion, music theory, science, mathematics and magic. Separate chapters consider Pythagoreanism in Plato, Aristotle, the Peripatetics and the later Academic tradition, while others describe Pythagoreanism in the historical tradition, in Rome and in the pseudo-Pythagorean writings. The three great lives of Pythagoras by Diogenes Laertius, Porphyry and Iamblichus are also discussed in detail, as is the significance of Pythagoras for the Middle Ages and Renaissance.
Carl A. Huffman is Research Professor and Emeritus Professor of Classical Studies at DePauw University. He is author of Archytas of Tarentum: Pythagorean, Philosopher, and Mathematician King (2005) and Philolaus of Croton: Pythagorean and Presocratic (1993).
Introduction Carl A. Huffman; 1. Pythagoras Geoffrey Lloyd; 2. Philolaus Daniel W. Graham; 3. Archytas Malcolm Schofield; 4. Sixth-, fifth- and fourth-century Pythagoreans Leonid Zhmud; 5. The Pythagorean Society and politics Catherine Rowett; 6. The Pythagorean way of life and Pythagorean ethics M. Laura Gemelli Marciano; 7. Pythagoreans, Orphism and Greek religion Gabor Betegh; 8. The problem of Pythagorean mathematics Reviel Netz; 9. Pythagorean harmonics Andrew Barker; 10. The Pythagoreans and Plato John Palmer; 11. Aristotle on the 'so-called Pythagoreans': from lore to principles Oliver Primavesi; 12. Pythagoreanism in the academic tradition: the early Academy to Numenius John Dillon; 13. The Peripatetics on the Pythagoreans Carl A. Huffman; 14. Pythagoras in the historical tradition: from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus Stefan Schorn; 15. The pseudo-Pythagorean writings Bruno Centrone; 16. From Nigidius Figulus to Alexander of Abonouteichos: Pythagoreans in Rome and Asia Minor around the turn of the Common Era Jaap-Jan Flinterman; 17. Diogenes Laertius' Life of Pythagoras Andre Laks; 18. Porphyry's Life of Pythagoras Constantinos Macris; 19. Iamblichus' On the Pythagorean Life in context Dominic J. O'Meara; 20. Pythagoras and Pythagoreanism in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages Andrew Hicks; 21. Pythagoras in the early Renaissance Michael J. B. Allen.
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