South Sudan is the world's youngest independent country. Established in 2011 after two wars, South Sudan has since reverted to a state of devastating civil strife. This book provides a general history of the new country, from the arrival of Turco-Egyptian explorers in Upper Nile, the turbulence of the Mahdist revolutionary period, the chaos of the 'Scramble for Africa', during which the South was prey to European and African adventurers and empire builders, to the Anglo-Egyptian colonial era. Special attention is paid to the period since Sudanese independence in 1956, when Southern disaffection grew into outright war, from the 1960s to 1972, and from 1983 until the Comprehensive Peace of 2005, and to the transition to South Sudan's independence. The book concludes with coverage of events since then, which since December 2013 have assumed the character of civil war, and with insights into what the future might hold.
Oystein H. Rolandsen is a Senior Researcher at the Peace Research Institute Oslo. He has written extensively on the history and current affairs of the two Sudans, as well as on the eastern African region. M. W. Daly has held academic positions in the USA, UK, and the Middle East. He is the author or co-author of many works on Sudan, including A History of the Sudan (with P. M. Holt, 2011), now in its sixth edition; Darfur's Sorrow (Cambridge, 2010), now in its second edition; and Imperial Sudan (Cambridge, 1991).
1. Introduction: the land and peoples of Upper Nile; 2. Ivory and slaves: the nineteenth century; 3. The second Turkiyya, 1898-1953; 4. The curse of colonial continuity, 1953-63; 5. The first civil war, 1963-72; 6. Regional government: from one civil war to another, 1972-83; 7. Eclipsed by war, 1983-91; 8. Factional politics, 1991-2001; 9. Making unity impossible, 2002-11; 10. Independent South Sudan.