This work presents a translation of one voice crying out against the evils of slavery - few of these voices existed in the Roman Catholic Church of the Americas in the 17th and 18th centuries. Slave-owners refused to listen, but if they did, they defended and supported slavery. Those who spoke up were often silenced by state and church officials. The main contribution of this work is to make available a unique text in both transcription and translation that reviews and refutes a series of arguments used in colonial times to support slavery.
Edward R. Sunshine is Associate Professor of Theology at Barry University.
Foreword; Preface and Acknowledgements; Introduction; Note on Text Conventions; Summary of the Book's Argument in Five Conclusions; Prologue; 1. The Just Defense of the Natural Freedom of Slaves: From the End, the Beginning; 2. Black African Slavery Contradicts the Order of Nature; 3. Black African Slavery Contradicts Divine Positive Law; 4. Black Slavery Contradicts the Law of Nations; 5. Scrutiny of Two Other Titles of Just Slavery; 6. Scrutiny of the Arguments of Adversaries; 7. Scrutiny of Avendano's Report; 8. Avendano's Scrutiny of Molina's Statements in Next; 9. Scrutiny of Avendano's Report on Rebello's Statements; 10. Scrutiny of Avendano's Report on Others; 11. Refutation of Excuses; 12. Masters Must Pay Blacks Back Wages for Their Labor; 13. Masters Must Give Blacks Back Not Only Freedom and Back Wages but Also Lost Profits and Damages; 14. The Obligation to Make Restitution, Continued; Notes; Bibliography; Index.