A Mission Under Duress: The Nanjing Massacre and Post-massacre Social Conditions Documented by American Diplomats

A Mission Under Duress: The Nanjing Massacre and Post-massacre Social Conditions Documented by American Diplomats

By: Suping Lu (editor)Hardback

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Immediately after capturing the Chinese capital, Nanjing, on December 13, 1937, Japanese soldiers committed atrocities such as mass executions, rampant rapes, arson, and looting in and around the city. The carnage went on for weeks. On January 6, 1938, after the worst of the massacre atrocities was over, three American diplomats arrived in Nanjing. Upon their arrival, Third Secretary John Moore Allison, Vice Consul James Espy, and Code Clerk Archibald Alexander McFardyen, Jr. cabled dispatches about the atrocities and other conditions in the city to the Department of State and other U.S. diplomatic posts in China. Often, they dispatched several reports within a day. These atrocity reports, which were largely based on interviews with American missionaries and their own investigations, gave detailed descriptions of Japanese atrocities, property damage, social conditions, relief efforts, diplomatic wrestling, and many other aspects of life in the city during and after the massacre period. The value of these diplomatic dispatches and reports, which were retrieved from the national archives, rests on that they extensively document the American diplomats' role, their observations and attitude toward the situation there, their efforts to help the Chinese and protect the Americans, and their struggles with the Japanese.

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About Author

Suping Lu was born and raised in China. Lu graduated from Nanjing Teachers University before he came to the United States to continue his education at the Ohio University and the University of South Carolina. He is a professor at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, the author of They Were in Nanjing: The Nanjing Massacre Witnessed by American and British Nationals (2004), and the editor of Terror in Minnie Vautrin's Nanjing: Diaries and Correspondence, 1937-38 (2008).


Chapter 1 Preface Chapter 2 Introduction Chapter 3 1. Arrival in the Ravaged City Chapter 4 2. Investigation into Japanese Atrocities Chapter 5 3. Allison Slapped by a Japanese Soldier Chapter 6 4. Violation of American Property and Interests Chapter 7 5. Establishment of Provisional Government Chapter 8 6. Japanese Businesses Flock into Nanjing Chapter 9 7. Thomson Slapping Incident Chapter 10 8. Damage and Losses Compensation Claims Chapter 11 Notes Chapter 12 Index

Product Details

  • publication date: 23/06/2010
  • ISBN13: 9780761851493
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 394
  • ID: 9780761851493
  • weight: 744
  • ISBN10: 0761851496

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