This study addresses the modern history of money and finance in the region of the current Democratic Republic of Congo during the period 1885-1995. It begins by exploring a series of devices that served as money in the ancient Kingdom of Congo (13th-17th century), from Nzimbu, a small seashell, to Mbongo, a common term for money in today's Congolese languages. The study also examines monetary and financial provisions set up for the Congo Free State (1885-1908) and the main strands of King Leopold II's financial policy.
Edouard Mambu ma Khenzu is Senior Lecturer in Accounting and Finance at the University of Greenwich Business School.
List of Tables; List of Figures; List of Abbreviations; Preface by Zeljko Sevic; Acknowledgements; 1. Introduction; 2. Traditional Money and Exchange Mechanisms in Pre-Colonial Congo (15th - 19th Century); 3. Money and Finance in the Congo Free State (1885-1908); 4. Money and Finance in Belgian Congo (1908-1960); 5. Money and Finance in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (1960-1995); 6. Summary and Concluding Remarks; Bibliography; Index.