A New Type of Womanhood: Discursive Politics and Social Change in Antebellum America
By: Natasha Kraus (author)Paperback
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In A New Type of Womanhood, Natasha Kirsten Kraus retells the history of the 1850s woman's rights movement. She traces how the movement changed society's very conception of "womanhood" in its successful bid for economic rights and rights of contract for married women. Kraus demonstrates that this discursive change was a necessary condition of possibility for U.S. women to be popularly conceived as civil subjects within a Western democracy, and she shows that many rights, including suffrage, followed from the basic right to form legal contracts. She analyzes this new conception of women as legitimate economic actors in relation to antebellum economic and demographic changes as well as changes in the legal structure and social meanings of contract. Enabling Kraus's retelling of the 1850s woman's rights movement is her theory of "structural aporias," which takes the institutional structures of any particular society as fully imbricated with the force of language. Kraus reads the antebellum relations of womanhood, contract, property, the economy, and the nation as a fruitful site for analysis of the interconnected power of language, culture, and the law.
She combines poststructural theory, particularly deconstructive approaches to discourse analysis; the political economic history of the antebellum era; and the interpretation of archival documents, including woman's rights speeches, petitions, pamphlets, and convention proceedings, as well as state legislative debates, reports, and constitutional convention proceedings. Arguing that her method provides critical insight not only into social movements and cultural changes of the past but also of the present and future, Kraus concludes A New Type of Womanhood by considering the implications of her theory for contemporary feminist and queer politics.
Natasha Kirsten Kraus has taught sociology and women's studies at the University at Buffalo, SUNY, and has been a Research Fellow at the Center for the Humanities, Wesleyan University, and a Scholar in Residence at the Center for Cultural Sociology, Yale University.
Tables xi Acknowledgments xiii Introduction 1 Part 1 Chapter 1. True Womanhood, the Economy, and Woman's Rights 15 Chapter 2. Reading Antebellum History Aporetically: Renarrating Womanhood, Property Rights, and the 1850s Woman's Movement 45 Part II Chapter 3. Gendered Economies: The Social Meanings of Womanhood 83 Chapter 4. Gendered Law: Antebellum Institutions Regulating Women, Property, and Contract 127 Chapter 5. The Antebellum Woman's Movement: Reshaping the Interimplicated Relations of Womanhood and Contract 161 Conclusion. Structural Aporias: Questions, Thoughts ,and Contemporary Politics 211 Notes 221 Bibliography 233 Index 257
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