This volume continues the detailed examination of the British Library Kharosthi scrolls--extremely fragile and brittle fragments of manuscript on birch-bark rolls. Although their provenance is uncertain, there are strong indications that they came from Hadda in eastern Afghanistan and were most likely written in the early first century A.D. during the reign of the Saka rulers, making them the oldest known Buddhist manuscripts.
Fragments 16 and 25 are two long, relatively narrow fragments that obviously belong to the same scroll. Two texts were written on the scroll, each by a different scribe. The first text, referred to as the Gandhari London Dharmapada, represents an anthology of verses well known in the Buddhist tradition. The second text is a series of stories concerning previous births of the Buddha and of some of his disciples.
For more information go to the Early Buddhist Manuscript Project web site at http://www.ebmp.org/
Timothy Lenz is a postdoctoral research assistant at the University of Washington and a member of the British Library/University of Washington Early Buddhist Manuscripts Project.
List of Illustrations and TablesPrefaceTranscription and Citation SystemAbbreviations1. Description of British Library Fragments 16 + 25Part I. The Gandhari London Dharmapada2. Introduction and Analysis: Dharmapada3. Paleography and Orthography: Dharmapada4. Phonology: Dharmapada5. Morphology: Dharmapada6. Transcribed Text with Reconstructions, Translation, and Commentary: DharmapadaPart II. The Purvayoga Text7. Introduction and Analysis: Purvayoga Text8. Paleography and Orthography: Purvayoga Text9. Phonology: Purvayoga Text10. Morphology: Purvayoga Text11. Transcribed Text with Reconstructions, Translation, and Commentary: Story A and the Purvayoga TextAppendix 1. Verse Concordance: London, Khotan, Pali, and Patna Dharmapadas and Suttanipata, Udanavarga, and JatakaAppendix 2. A Second Purvayoga of Ajnata Kaundinya (British Library Fragment 3): Text and CommentaryAppendix 3. Avadana of Zadamitra (British Library Fragment 1): Text and CommentaryAppendix 4. Sanskrit and Chinese Parallels for Purvayogas 1-4ReferencesWord Index for the London DharmapadaWord Index for the Purvayoga Text