A Population History of the Huron-Petun, A.D. 500-1650, reconstructs the population history of the Wendat-Tionontate (Huron-Petun) people using archaeological, paleodemographic, historical, and epidemiological research. This book argues that the Wendat-Tionontate occupied southern Ontario for thousands of years and that maize agriculture was gradually adopted by groups who were not experiencing population pressure, but who were simply interested in supplementing their hunting, gathering, and fishing diet with a reliable food that could also be stored to avert winter famine deaths. The book demonstrates that gradual population growth followed the adoption of maize agriculture, but that rapid population growth did not occur until the fourteenth century, encouraged by the colonization of new lands. The book also documents and explains why epidemic diseases of European origin did not occur among the Wendat-Tionontate and other Native peoples of eastern North America until the 1630s.
Gary Warrick holds a B.A. in Anthropology from McMaster University, an M.A. in Archaeology from Simon Fraser University, and a Ph.D. in Anthropology from McGill University. From 1989 to 1999 he worked for the Ministry of Transportation for the province of Ontario and was a lecturer at the University of Toronto at Mississauga from 1997 to 1999. Currently, Warrick is Associate Professor at the Brantford Campus of Wilfred Laurier University. He has been published in various journals, including Ontario Archaeology, the Canadian Journal of Archaeology, Current Anthropology, World Archaeology, and Journal of World Prehistory. He was also featured in The Ethics of Archaeology (Cambridge University Press, 2006).
Part I. Native American Population History: Part II. The Wendat-Tionontate: 1. Names; 2. The people; 3. The land - Wendake; 4. Study area; 5. Settlement pattern; 6. Subsistence; 7. Life and death; 8. Sociopolitics, trade, and warfare; 9. Wendat-Tionontate history; Part III. Pre-Industrial Demography: 1. Theories of population change; 2. Culture history and population change; 3. Pre-industrial demography; Part IV. Archaeological Methods for Estimating Population Aize: 1. Middle-range theory in archaeology; 2. Carrying capacity; 3. Population density; 4. Historical census; 5. Artifacts and food remains; 6. Burials; 7. Settlement remains; Part V. Estimating Wendat-Tionontate Population: 1. Seventeenth-century observations; 2. Iroquoian population research; 3. Estimating Wendat-Tionontate population change from archaeological data; 4. Site data; 5. Identification of village sites; 6. Representativeness of site sample; 7. Site dating; 8. Ontario Iroquoian chronology; 9. Site periodization; 10. Site duration; 11. Village size data; 12. Hearth counts; 13. Site growth and contemporaneity; 14. Relative Wendat-Tionontate population estimates; 15. Absolute Wendat-Tionontate population estimates; Part VI. Pre-Contact Population of the Wendat-Tionontate: 1. Wendat origins; 2. Middle woodland baseline; 3. Adoption of maize agriculture; 4. Early Iroquoian population growth; 5. Uren colonization; 6. Middleport population explosion; 7. Late pre-contact population nucleation and sociopolitical change; Part VII. Wendat-Tionontate Depopulation: 1. Sixteenth-century Wendat-Tionontate population; 2. Seventeenth-century Wendat-Tionontate population; Conclusions.