This study explores African American identity through film, drawing from Spike Lee's cinematic production of X (1992) and Bamboozled (2000). The study brings attention to how African American identity is negotiated in communicative interactions. In doing so, the study proposes an alternative rhetorical and cultural approach to the nuances of African American identity.
Gerald A. Powell, Jr. is Assistant Professor in the Department of Communication and Theatre at St. Josephs College, Indiana. He holds a Ph.D. in Rhetoric and Intercultural Communication from Howard University, Washington, D.C.
Chapter 1 Preface Chapter 2 Acknowledgments Chapter 3 Introduction: Statement of Research Problems; Research Questions; Justification for the Study; Justifications for the Films; Aims of the Study; Outline of the Chapters Chapter 4 Theoretical Framework and Methodology: Complicity of Negative Difference; Cultural Contract Theory of Negotiation; Alienation; Double Consciousness; Hermeneutical Ethos; Justification for Multiple Theories; Methodology Chapter 5 Literature Review: Literature Review of Black Cinema; Rhetorical Texts Pertaining to the Content of Films: X; Bamboozled; Literature Review of Identity Chapter 6 Analysis: Complicity of Negative Difference (Bamboozled): Africa; Cultural Psychological Haven; Socioeconomic Conditions; Complicity of Negative Difference (X): Africa; Cultural Psychological Haven; Socioeconomic Conditions; Contract The Chapter 7 Analysis Questions: Double-Consciousness; Hermeneutical Ethos; Alienation Chapter 8 Overview: Formation of Cultural Contracts; Characters and the Contracts; Breaching of Cultural Contracts; Implications for the Future; Researcher's Contribution Chapter 9 Glossary Chapter 10 References Chapter 11 About the Author