A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Princeton Modern Greek Studies)
By: Molly Greene (author)Paperback
Here Molly Greene moves beyond the hostile "Christian" versus "Muslim" divide that has colored many historical interpretations of the early modern Mediterranean, and reveals a society with a far richer set of cultural and social dynamics. She focuses on Crete, which the Ottoman Empire wrested from Venetian control in 1669. Historians of Europe have traditionally viewed the victory as a watershed, the final step in the Muslim conquest of the eastern Mediterranean and the obliteration of Crete's thriving Latin-based culture. But to what extent did the conquest actually change life on Crete? Greene brings a new perspective to bear on this episode, and on the eastern Mediterranean in general. She argues that no sharp divide separated the Venetian and Ottoman eras because the Cretans were already part of a world where Latin Christians, Muslims, and Eastern Orthodox Christians had been intermingling for several centuries, particularly in the area of commerce.
Greene also notes that the Ottoman conquest of Crete represented not only the extension of Muslim rule to an island that once belonged to a Christian power, but also the strengthening of Eastern Orthodoxy at the expense of Latin Christianity, and ultimately the Orthodox reconquest of the eastern Mediterranean. Greene concludes that despite their religious differences, both the Venetian Republic and the Ottoman Empire represented the ancien regime in the Mediterranean, which accounts for numerous similarities between Venetian and Ottoman Crete. The true push for change in the region would come later from Northern Europe.
Molly Greene is Assistant Professor at Princeton University, with a joint appointment in History and the Program in Hellenic Studies.
List of Illustrations ix Acknowledgments xi Note on Transliteration xiii Introduction 3 One The Last Conquest 13 Two A Difficult Island 45 Three Ottoman Candia 78 Four Between Wine and Olive Oil 110 Five Merchants of Candia 141 Six The Slow Death of the Ancicn Regime 174 Condusion 206 Bibliography 211 Index 223
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- ID: 9780691095424
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