Karl Marx did not view Lincoln as fighting to quell a rebellion, but to start a revolution to end worker exploitation by abolishing a stratification system that was not in the workers' interest. Even Lincoln's conscription policy during the Civil War, Marx said, was to support the workers. The author cites, in full or part, Marx's various writings (articles and letters, including one Marx wrote to Lincoln and a reply by Ambassador Charles Adams on Lincoln's behalf) in which Marx analyzes Lincoln's actions (e.g., his dismissal of McClellan, The Emancipation Proclamation, conscription), as well as Union (northern) elections and discusses military campaigns. This book demonstrates how Karl Marx's writings (letters, articles, leaflets) on Abraham Lincoln exemplified the perspective of the common worker. Marx welcomed Lincoln's proclamation on the emancipation of African Americans, and he described this proclamation as one of the most important documents in American history. This document, as stated by Marx, brought the American Civil War to a new level of development (that is, to a revolutionary war to end slavery). In addition, Marx interpreted Lincoln's dismissal of General George B.
McClellan, a Confederate sympathizer, from his post of Commander-in-Chief of the Union armies as being influenced by social circumstances. Moreover, Marx, in high praise of Lincoln, characterized his leadership of the American Civil War as revolutionary, and described Lincoln as a man of the people ("The single-minded son of the working class"). Lincoln's actions, as shown by Marx, supported and promoted ideas that most advanced the worker's interest.