Fully revised and updated, the second edition of this authoritative guide is a comprehensive, scholarly and systematic review of modern English. In one volume the book presents a description of both the linguistic structure of present-day English and its geographical, social, gender, and ethnic variations. Covering new developments such as the impact of email on language and corpus-based grammars, this accessible text has been extensively rewritten and brings the survey of modern English right up to date. It also offers new examples and suggestions for further reading.
Preface Abbreviations, list of maps and figures Introduction Part I: English as a linguistic system Chapter One: Vocabulary; 1.1. Changes in Vocabulary 1.2. Words and Meaning 1.3. The Origin and Frequency of Words 1.4. Word Fields 1.5. Euphemisms and Word-Formation 1.6. New Meanings 1.7. Further Reading; Chapter Two: Words in Combination; 2.1. Cliches and Fixed Expressions 2.2. Pragmatic Idioms 2.3. Collocation 2.4. Binomials 2.5. Idioms 2.6. Proverbs and Commonplaces 2.7 Fixed Expressions in Texts 2.8. Further Reading; Chapter Three: The Pronunciation and Spelling of English 3.1 The Phonology of English 3.2 Segmental Sounds 3.3 The Consonants 3.4 The Vowels 3.5 Suprasegmentals 3.6 The Orthography 3.7 Further Reading; Chapter Four: Grammar 4.1 Word Classes 4.2 Functional Phases 4.3 Functional Sentence Elements 4.4 The Verb Phase (VP) 4.5 Nominalisation 4.6 catenation 4.8 The Clause 4.9 Further Reading; Part II: Users and use of English Chapter Five: Dialects and Diatypes 5.1 The Register Approach 5.2 Dialects 5.3 Diatypes 5.4 Further Reading; Chapter Six: Lects:Language and Gender 6.1 Language as Used by Males and Females 6.2 Communicative Strategies 6.3 Language Acquisition and Development 6.4 Nonverbal Behaviour 6.5 Explanations 6.6 Further Reading; Chapter Seven: Medium: Spoken Discourse 7.1 General Considerations 7.2 Meaning 7.3 Conversational Interaction 7.4 Turns, Schemata and Topics 7.5 Discourse Markers 7.6 Further Reading; Chapter Eight: Functional Tenor and Medium: Written Texts and ESP 8.1 Textuality 8.2 Cohesion and Coherence 8.3 A Typology of Texts 8.4 Application: An Example 8.5 Special Englishes and the REgister Model 8.6 Syntactic Features of EST 8.7 The Lexicon of EST and Word Formation 8.8 The EST Text 8.9 Further Reading; Chapter Nine: Personal Tenor: 9.1 Style 9.2 Hard Words 9.3 Modes of Address 9.4 Further Reading; Part III: National and regional varieties of English Chapter Ten: English in the British Isles 10.1 England and Wales 10.2 Scotland 10.3 Ireland 10.4 Urban British English 10.5 Further Reading; Chapter Eleven: Standards: Comparing AmE and BrE 11.1 Pronunciation 11.2 Spelling and Pronunciation 11.3 Grammar and Morphology 11.4 Lexis 11.5 Further Reading; Chapter Twelve: English in America 12.1 The :Languages of the United States and Canada 12.2 Regional Varieties of AmE 12.3 Social Variation in AmE 12.4 ethnic Varieties of AmE 12.5 English in the Caribbean 12.6 Further Reading; Chapter Thirteen: English in Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa 13.1 Australian English (AusE) 13.2 New Zealand England (NZE) 13.3 South African English (SAE) 13.4 Further Reading; Chapter Fourteen: English as a Second Language 14.1 English West and East Africa 14.2 English in Asia 14.3 The "New Englishes": Pidgin and Creole English 14.4 Further Reading Bibliography Index
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- ID: 9780415300353
2nd Revised edition
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